New insights into the link between DNA damage and apoptosis

Daniela De Zio, Valentina Cianfanelli, Francesco Cecconi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Significance: When lesions are unrepaired or there are defects in the DNA repair system, DNA damage is often correlated to apoptosis. However, different kinds of lesions and different degrees of lesion severity can trigger numerous signaling responses. Recent Advances: DNA repair proteins involved in specific DNA repair pathways can modulate the function or activity of some apoptotic factors, further emphasizing the crosstalk between DNA damage and cell death. Critical Issues: Here, we discuss the signaling networks that link DNA damage to apoptosis, and we focus on post-translational modifications, leading to crucial changes in protein behavior, following various kinds of DNA damage. Moreover, we analyze the existence of apoptosis-related functions of typical repair proteins, leading to diverse, often-overlapping, DNA damage responses. Future Directions: The better understanding of the regulation and the functionality of key DNA repair proteins, also involved in apoptosis regulation, has the potential of modulating the cell outcomes on DNA damage, particularly in the context of cancer treatment. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 19, 559-571.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-571
Number of pages13
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 20 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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