Aims: To evaluate the prevalence, clinical significance, and prognosis of latent Brugada syndrome (BrS) in patients with new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) unmasked by class 1C antiarrhythmic drugs.Methods and resultsBetween January 2000 and June 2008, all consecutive patients with new-onset AF, who after flecainide exhibited typical Brugada ECG pattern, underwent electrophysiologic, pharmacologic, and genetic testing. Among 346 patients [median age 53 years; interquartile range (IQR), 15], 11 (3.2; median age 51 years; IQR, 19) diagnosed as lone AF exhibited typical Brugada ECG pattern. Genetic testing was negative. Ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) was induced by electrophysiologic testing (five patients) or during flecainide infusion (one patient). Six patients with type 1 ECG pattern and inducible VT/VF underwent ICD implantation. During a median follow-up of 31.5 months (range: 10-85) after ICD implantation, three patients developed BrS and one of them experienced VF. Patients without ICD (five patients) remained asymptomatic during a median follow-up of 74 months. Persistent type 1 pattern occurred only in the three patients who developed BrS.ConclusionThis study, for the first time, reveals the prevalence of latent BrS in patients with new-onset lone AF, which may precede VT/VF. Persistence of type 1 and ventricular tachyarrhythmias inducibility represents a marker of electrical instability leading to sudden death.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Brugada syndrome
- Sudden cardiac death
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine