New Parameters to Quantitatively Express the Invasiveness of Bacterial Strains from Implant-Related Orthopaedic Infections into Osteoblast Cells

Davide Campoccia, Lucio Montanaro, Stefano Ravaioli, Ilaria Cangini, Francesca Testoni, Livia Visai, Carla Renata Arciola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Complete eradication of bacterial infections is often a challenging task, especially in presence of prosthetic devices. Invasion of non-phagocytic host cells appears to be a critical mechanism of microbial persistence in host tissues. Hidden within host cells, bacteria elude host defences and antibiotic treatments that are intracellularly inactive. The intracellular invasiveness of bacteria is generally measured by conventional gentamicin protection assays. The efficiency of invasion, however, markedly differs across bacterial species and adjustments to the titre of the microbial inocula used in the assays are often needed to enumerate intracellular bacteria. Such changes affect the standardisation of the method and hamper a direct comparison of bacteria on a same scale. This study aims at investigating the precise relation between inoculum, in terms of multiplicity of infection (MOI), and internalised bacteria. The investigation included nineStaphylococcus aureus, sevenStaphylococcus epidermidis, fiveStaphylococcus lugdunensisand twoEnterococcus faecalisclinical strains, which are co-cultured with MG63 human osteoblasts. Unprecedented insights are offered on the relations existing between MOI, number of internalised bacteria and per cent of internalised bacteria. New parameters are identified that are of potential use for qualifying the efficiency of internalization and compare the behaviour of bacterial strains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalMaterials
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 3 2018

Keywords

  • bacterial internalization
  • enterococcus faecalis
  • orthopaedic implant infections
  • osteoblasts
  • staphylcoccus lugdunensis
  • staphylococcus aureus
  • staphylococcus epidermidis

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