New strategies to enhance myocardial regeneration: Expectations and challenges from preclinical evidence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, cardiac regeneration is an emerging topic in the cardiovascular field because of the compelling need for effective therapies for repairing or replacing cardiac tissue damaged by patho-logical or physiological conditions. Indeed, irreversible myocardial remodeling which follows acute myocardial infarction represents a serious burden of this century. In this context, a great improvement in pharmacological and interventional techniques is accompanied by a big challenge of cardiac regenerative medicine. In the last 20 years, several clinical trials tried to investigate the role of different types of stem cells in promoting cardiac repair. However, the promising results obtained in the pre-clinical trials have not yet been reproduced in patients. Thus, the development of novel strategies to improve stem cell efficiency became imperative. Here, an overview of the more recent cell types pro-posed for cardiac regeneration is presented, together with the most interesting approaches to enhance cell regenerative potential as well as cell-free approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696-710
Number of pages15
JournalCurrent Stem Cell Research and Therapy
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiac regeneration
  • Cell therapy
  • Clinical translation
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Preclinical model
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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