New technologies to manage exam anxiety

Alessandra Grassi, Andrea Gaggioli, Giuseppe Riva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A Stress Inoculation Training-based protocol tested if multimedia audio-video content induced emotional changes and reduced exam anxiety in university students. Seventy-five participants took part in six experimental sessions consisting of viewing multimedia content and performing relaxation exercises. Participants were randomly assigned to five experimental groups: 1) audio and video narrative on mobile phone (UMTS); 2) audio and video narrative on DVD (DVD), 3) audio narrative on MP3 player (M3), 4) audio narrative on CD (CD), 5) control group (CTRL). Results showed that audio/video content induced a significant reduction in exam anxiety and an increase of relaxation in students, compared to the audio-only contents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-49
Number of pages5
JournalAnnual Review of CyberTherapy and Telemedicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Exam anxiety
  • Mobile phone
  • New technologies
  • Stress Inoculation Training
  • Video clip

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)


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