New trends in ganglioside chemistry.

S. Sonnino, R. Ghidoni, G. Gazzotti, D. Acquotti, G. Tettamanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

New methods have been developed for the preparation of highly purified gangliosides, homogeneous in the saccharide, long chain base, and fatty acid moieties and gangliosides carrying different kinds of labelled probes. Gangliosides, homogeneous in the oligosaccharide portion, were prepared by preparative normal phase HPLC on a Lichrosorb-NH-2 column, using a gradient of acetonitrile-phosphate buffer, pH 5.6, as solvent system. Each class of ganglioside (from monosialo- to tetrasialogangliosides) was then submitted to reversed phase HPLC on a preparative RP-8 column, using acetonitrile-5 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7, as solvent system, to obtain gangliosides homogeneous in the long chain base moiety. Gangliosides containing C18 and C20 sphinganine were prepared by catalytic hydrogenation of the corresponding unsaturated gangliosides. GM1 with homogeneous acyl chain was prepared by alkaline hydrolysis in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide (which forms a GM1 deacetylated at the level of sialic acid, and a GM1 deacetylated at the level of sialic acid and deacylated at the level ceramide), followed by re-N-acylation, carried out in the presence of dimethylaminopropyl, ethylcarbodiimide and natural fatty acids, or of mixed anhydride of ethylchloroformate and 14C-stearic acid, and re-N-acetylation performed with acetic anhydride or labelled acetic anhydride. The GM1 derivative, de-acetylated at the level of sialic acid, also produced by alkaline treatment of GM1, was submitted to re-N-acetylation with 14C-acetic anhydride to produce specifically 14C-labelled GM1. Re-N-acylation was carried out a) in the presence of dimethylaminopropyl, ethylcarbodiimide and natural fatty acids, b) with mixed anhydride of ethylchloroformate and 14C-stearic acid. After re-N-acylations, re-N-acetylation was performed with acetic anhydride or labelled acetic anhydride. Gangliosides tritium labelled in the oligosaccharide moiety were prepared by the galactose oxidase/3H NaBH4 method, and gangliosides tritium labelled at carbon-3 of unsaturated long chain bases by the dicyano-dichlorobenzoquinone (DDQ)/3H NaBH4 method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-464
Number of pages28
JournalAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume228
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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