Next Generation Molecular Diagnosis of Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias: An Italian Cross-Sectional Study

A. D'Amore, A. Tessa, C. Casali, M. T. Dotti, A. Filla, G. Silvestri, A. Antenora, G. Astrea, M. Barghigiani, R. Battini, C. Battisti, I. Bruno, C. Cereda, C. Dato, G. Di Iorio, V. Donadio, M. Felicori, N. Fini, C. Fiorillo, S. GalloneF. Gemignani, G. L. Gigli, C. Graziano, R. Guerrini, F. Gurrieri, A. Kariminejad, M. Lieto, C. Marques LourenCo, A. Malandrini, P. Mandich, C. Marcotulli, F. Mari, L. Massacesi, M. A. B. Melone, A. Mignarri, R. Milone, O. Musumeci, E. Pegoraro, A. Perna, A. Petrucci, A. Pini, F. Pochiero, M. R. Pons, I. Ricca, S. Rossi, M. Seri, F. Stanzial, F. Tinelli, A. Toscano, M. Valente, A. Federico, A. Rubegni, F. M. Santorelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) refers to a group of genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative motor neuron disorders characterized by progressive age-dependent loss of corticospinal motor tract function, lower limb spasticity, and weakness. Recent clinical use of next generation sequencing (NGS) methodologies suggests that they facilitate the diagnostic approach to HSP, but the power of NGS as a first-tier diagnostic procedure is unclear. The larger-than-expected genetic heterogeneity-there are over 80 potential disease-associated genes-and frequent overlap with other clinical conditions affecting the motor system make a molecular diagnosis in HSP cumbersome and time consuming. In a single-center, cross-sectional study, spanning 4 years, 239 subjects with a clinical diagnosis of HSP underwent molecular screening of a large set of genes, using two different customized NGS panels. The latest version of our targeted sequencing panel (SpastiSure3.0) comprises 118 genes known to be associated with HSP. Using an in-house validated bioinformatics pipeline and several in silico tools to predict mutation pathogenicity, we obtained a positive diagnostic yield of 29% (70/239), whereas variants of unknown significance (VUS) were found in 86 patients (36%), and 83 cases remained unsolved. This study is among the largest screenings of consecutive HSP index cases enrolled in real-life clinical-diagnostic settings. Its results corroborate NGS as a modern, first-step procedure for molecular diagnosis of HSP. It also disclosed a significant number of new mutations in ultra-rare genes, expanding the clinical spectrum, and genetic landscape of HSP, at least in Italy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981
Number of pages1
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 4 2018

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Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia
Cross-Sectional Studies
Genes
Pyramidal Tracts
Mutation
Genetic Heterogeneity
Motor Neurons
Computational Biology
Computer Simulation
Italy
Virulence
Lower Extremity

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Next Generation Molecular Diagnosis of Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias: An Italian Cross-Sectional Study. / D'Amore, A.; Tessa, A.; Casali, C.; Dotti, M. T.; Filla, A.; Silvestri, G.; Antenora, A.; Astrea, G.; Barghigiani, M.; Battini, R.; Battisti, C.; Bruno, I.; Cereda, C.; Dato, C.; Iorio, G. Di; Donadio, V.; Felicori, M.; Fini, N.; Fiorillo, C.; Gallone, S.; Gemignani, F.; Gigli, G. L.; Graziano, C.; Guerrini, R.; Gurrieri, F.; Kariminejad, A.; Lieto, M.; LourenCo, C. Marques; Malandrini, A.; Mandich, P.; Marcotulli, C.; Mari, F.; Massacesi, L.; Melone, M. A. B.; Mignarri, A.; Milone, R.; Musumeci, O.; Pegoraro, E.; Perna, A.; Petrucci, A.; Pini, A.; Pochiero, F.; Pons, M. R.; Ricca, I.; Rossi, S.; Seri, M.; Stanzial, F.; Tinelli, F.; Toscano, A.; Valente, M.; Federico, A.; Rubegni, A.; Santorelli, F. M.

In: Frontiers in Neurology, Vol. 9, 04.12.2018, p. 981.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

D'Amore, A, Tessa, A, Casali, C, Dotti, MT, Filla, A, Silvestri, G, Antenora, A, Astrea, G, Barghigiani, M, Battini, R, Battisti, C, Bruno, I, Cereda, C, Dato, C, Iorio, GD, Donadio, V, Felicori, M, Fini, N, Fiorillo, C, Gallone, S, Gemignani, F, Gigli, GL, Graziano, C, Guerrini, R, Gurrieri, F, Kariminejad, A, Lieto, M, LourenCo, CM, Malandrini, A, Mandich, P, Marcotulli, C, Mari, F, Massacesi, L, Melone, MAB, Mignarri, A, Milone, R, Musumeci, O, Pegoraro, E, Perna, A, Petrucci, A, Pini, A, Pochiero, F, Pons, MR, Ricca, I, Rossi, S, Seri, M, Stanzial, F, Tinelli, F, Toscano, A, Valente, M, Federico, A, Rubegni, A & Santorelli, FM 2018, 'Next Generation Molecular Diagnosis of Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias: An Italian Cross-Sectional Study', Frontiers in Neurology, vol. 9, pp. 981. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.00981 [doi]
D'Amore, A. ; Tessa, A. ; Casali, C. ; Dotti, M. T. ; Filla, A. ; Silvestri, G. ; Antenora, A. ; Astrea, G. ; Barghigiani, M. ; Battini, R. ; Battisti, C. ; Bruno, I. ; Cereda, C. ; Dato, C. ; Iorio, G. Di ; Donadio, V. ; Felicori, M. ; Fini, N. ; Fiorillo, C. ; Gallone, S. ; Gemignani, F. ; Gigli, G. L. ; Graziano, C. ; Guerrini, R. ; Gurrieri, F. ; Kariminejad, A. ; Lieto, M. ; LourenCo, C. Marques ; Malandrini, A. ; Mandich, P. ; Marcotulli, C. ; Mari, F. ; Massacesi, L. ; Melone, M. A. B. ; Mignarri, A. ; Milone, R. ; Musumeci, O. ; Pegoraro, E. ; Perna, A. ; Petrucci, A. ; Pini, A. ; Pochiero, F. ; Pons, M. R. ; Ricca, I. ; Rossi, S. ; Seri, M. ; Stanzial, F. ; Tinelli, F. ; Toscano, A. ; Valente, M. ; Federico, A. ; Rubegni, A. ; Santorelli, F. M. / Next Generation Molecular Diagnosis of Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias: An Italian Cross-Sectional Study. In: Frontiers in Neurology. 2018 ; Vol. 9. pp. 981.
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abstract = "Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) refers to a group of genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative motor neuron disorders characterized by progressive age-dependent loss of corticospinal motor tract function, lower limb spasticity, and weakness. Recent clinical use of next generation sequencing (NGS) methodologies suggests that they facilitate the diagnostic approach to HSP, but the power of NGS as a first-tier diagnostic procedure is unclear. The larger-than-expected genetic heterogeneity-there are over 80 potential disease-associated genes-and frequent overlap with other clinical conditions affecting the motor system make a molecular diagnosis in HSP cumbersome and time consuming. In a single-center, cross-sectional study, spanning 4 years, 239 subjects with a clinical diagnosis of HSP underwent molecular screening of a large set of genes, using two different customized NGS panels. The latest version of our targeted sequencing panel (SpastiSure3.0) comprises 118 genes known to be associated with HSP. Using an in-house validated bioinformatics pipeline and several in silico tools to predict mutation pathogenicity, we obtained a positive diagnostic yield of 29{\%} (70/239), whereas variants of unknown significance (VUS) were found in 86 patients (36{\%}), and 83 cases remained unsolved. This study is among the largest screenings of consecutive HSP index cases enrolled in real-life clinical-diagnostic settings. Its results corroborate NGS as a modern, first-step procedure for molecular diagnosis of HSP. It also disclosed a significant number of new mutations in ultra-rare genes, expanding the clinical spectrum, and genetic landscape of HSP, at least in Italy.",
author = "A. D'Amore and A. Tessa and C. Casali and Dotti, {M. T.} and A. Filla and G. Silvestri and A. Antenora and G. Astrea and M. Barghigiani and R. Battini and C. Battisti and I. Bruno and C. Cereda and C. Dato and Iorio, {G. Di} and V. Donadio and M. Felicori and N. Fini and C. Fiorillo and S. Gallone and F. Gemignani and Gigli, {G. L.} and C. Graziano and R. Guerrini and F. Gurrieri and A. Kariminejad and M. Lieto and LourenCo, {C. Marques} and A. Malandrini and P. Mandich and C. Marcotulli and F. Mari and L. Massacesi and Melone, {M. A. B.} and A. Mignarri and R. Milone and O. Musumeci and E. Pegoraro and A. Perna and A. Petrucci and A. Pini and F. Pochiero and Pons, {M. R.} and I. Ricca and S. Rossi and M. Seri and F. Stanzial and F. Tinelli and A. Toscano and M. Valente and A. Federico and A. Rubegni and Santorelli, {F. M.}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Next Generation Molecular Diagnosis of Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias: An Italian Cross-Sectional Study

AU - D'Amore, A.

AU - Tessa, A.

AU - Casali, C.

AU - Dotti, M. T.

AU - Filla, A.

AU - Silvestri, G.

AU - Antenora, A.

AU - Astrea, G.

AU - Barghigiani, M.

AU - Battini, R.

AU - Battisti, C.

AU - Bruno, I.

AU - Cereda, C.

AU - Dato, C.

AU - Iorio, G. Di

AU - Donadio, V.

AU - Felicori, M.

AU - Fini, N.

AU - Fiorillo, C.

AU - Gallone, S.

AU - Gemignani, F.

AU - Gigli, G. L.

AU - Graziano, C.

AU - Guerrini, R.

AU - Gurrieri, F.

AU - Kariminejad, A.

AU - Lieto, M.

AU - LourenCo, C. Marques

AU - Malandrini, A.

AU - Mandich, P.

AU - Marcotulli, C.

AU - Mari, F.

AU - Massacesi, L.

AU - Melone, M. A. B.

AU - Mignarri, A.

AU - Milone, R.

AU - Musumeci, O.

AU - Pegoraro, E.

AU - Perna, A.

AU - Petrucci, A.

AU - Pini, A.

AU - Pochiero, F.

AU - Pons, M. R.

AU - Ricca, I.

AU - Rossi, S.

AU - Seri, M.

AU - Stanzial, F.

AU - Tinelli, F.

AU - Toscano, A.

AU - Valente, M.

AU - Federico, A.

AU - Rubegni, A.

AU - Santorelli, F. M.

N1 - LR: 20181221; JID: 101546899; OTO: NOTNLM; 2018/09/24 00:00 [received]; 2018/10/30 00:00 [accepted]; 2018/12/20 06:00 [entrez]; 2018/12/20 06:00 [pubmed]; 2018/12/20 06:01 [medline]; epublish

PY - 2018/12/4

Y1 - 2018/12/4

N2 - Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) refers to a group of genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative motor neuron disorders characterized by progressive age-dependent loss of corticospinal motor tract function, lower limb spasticity, and weakness. Recent clinical use of next generation sequencing (NGS) methodologies suggests that they facilitate the diagnostic approach to HSP, but the power of NGS as a first-tier diagnostic procedure is unclear. The larger-than-expected genetic heterogeneity-there are over 80 potential disease-associated genes-and frequent overlap with other clinical conditions affecting the motor system make a molecular diagnosis in HSP cumbersome and time consuming. In a single-center, cross-sectional study, spanning 4 years, 239 subjects with a clinical diagnosis of HSP underwent molecular screening of a large set of genes, using two different customized NGS panels. The latest version of our targeted sequencing panel (SpastiSure3.0) comprises 118 genes known to be associated with HSP. Using an in-house validated bioinformatics pipeline and several in silico tools to predict mutation pathogenicity, we obtained a positive diagnostic yield of 29% (70/239), whereas variants of unknown significance (VUS) were found in 86 patients (36%), and 83 cases remained unsolved. This study is among the largest screenings of consecutive HSP index cases enrolled in real-life clinical-diagnostic settings. Its results corroborate NGS as a modern, first-step procedure for molecular diagnosis of HSP. It also disclosed a significant number of new mutations in ultra-rare genes, expanding the clinical spectrum, and genetic landscape of HSP, at least in Italy.

AB - Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) refers to a group of genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative motor neuron disorders characterized by progressive age-dependent loss of corticospinal motor tract function, lower limb spasticity, and weakness. Recent clinical use of next generation sequencing (NGS) methodologies suggests that they facilitate the diagnostic approach to HSP, but the power of NGS as a first-tier diagnostic procedure is unclear. The larger-than-expected genetic heterogeneity-there are over 80 potential disease-associated genes-and frequent overlap with other clinical conditions affecting the motor system make a molecular diagnosis in HSP cumbersome and time consuming. In a single-center, cross-sectional study, spanning 4 years, 239 subjects with a clinical diagnosis of HSP underwent molecular screening of a large set of genes, using two different customized NGS panels. The latest version of our targeted sequencing panel (SpastiSure3.0) comprises 118 genes known to be associated with HSP. Using an in-house validated bioinformatics pipeline and several in silico tools to predict mutation pathogenicity, we obtained a positive diagnostic yield of 29% (70/239), whereas variants of unknown significance (VUS) were found in 86 patients (36%), and 83 cases remained unsolved. This study is among the largest screenings of consecutive HSP index cases enrolled in real-life clinical-diagnostic settings. Its results corroborate NGS as a modern, first-step procedure for molecular diagnosis of HSP. It also disclosed a significant number of new mutations in ultra-rare genes, expanding the clinical spectrum, and genetic landscape of HSP, at least in Italy.

U2 - 10.3389/fneur.2018.00981 [doi]

DO - 10.3389/fneur.2018.00981 [doi]

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 981

JO - Frontiers in Neurology

JF - Frontiers in Neurology

SN - 1664-2295

ER -