Next Generation Sequencing expression profiling of mitochondrial subunits in men with Klinefelter syndrome

Michele Salemi, Laura Cimino, Marika Marino, Rossella Cannarella, Rosita A Condorelli, Corrado Romano, Sandro La Vignera, Aldo E Calogero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is one of the most common sex-chromosome disorders as it affects up to 1 in every 600-1000 newborn males. Men with KS carry one extra X chromosome and they usually present a 47,XXY karyotype, but less frequent variants have also been reported in literature. KS typical symptoms include tall stature, gynecomastia, broad hips, hypogonadism and absent spermatogenesis. The syndrome is also related to a wide range of cognitive deficits, among which language-based learning disabilities and verbal cognition impairment are frequently diagnosed. The present study was carried out to investigate the role of mitochondrial subunits in KS, since the molecular mechanisms underlying KS pathogenesis are not fully understood. Methods: The study was performed by the next generation sequencing analysis and qRT-PCR assay. Results: We were able to identify a significant down-expression of mitochondrial encoded NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 (MT-ND6) in men with KS. Conclusion: It is known that defects of the mtDNA encoding mitochondrial subunits are responsible for the malfunction of Complex I, which will eventually lead to the Complex I deficiency, the most common respiratory chain defect in human disorders. Since it has been shown that decreased Complex I protein levels could induce apoptosis, wehypothesizethat the above-mentioned MT-ND6 down-expression contributes to the wide range of phenotypes observed in men with KS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-35
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Klinefelter Syndrome
Sex Chromosome Disorders
Electron Transport Complex I
Gynecomastia
Hypogonadism
Learning Disorders
X Chromosome
Spermatogenesis
Electron Transport
Karyotype
Mitochondrial DNA
Cognition
Hip
Language
Newborn Infant
Apoptosis
Phenotype
Polymerase Chain Reaction

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Next Generation Sequencing expression profiling of mitochondrial subunits in men with Klinefelter syndrome. / Salemi, Michele; Cimino, Laura; Marino, Marika; Cannarella, Rossella; Condorelli, Rosita A; Romano, Corrado; La Vignera, Sandro; Calogero, Aldo E.

In: International Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2018, p. 31-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salemi, Michele ; Cimino, Laura ; Marino, Marika ; Cannarella, Rossella ; Condorelli, Rosita A ; Romano, Corrado ; La Vignera, Sandro ; Calogero, Aldo E. / Next Generation Sequencing expression profiling of mitochondrial subunits in men with Klinefelter syndrome. In: International Journal of Medical Sciences. 2018 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 31-35.
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abstract = "Objectives: Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is one of the most common sex-chromosome disorders as it affects up to 1 in every 600-1000 newborn males. Men with KS carry one extra X chromosome and they usually present a 47,XXY karyotype, but less frequent variants have also been reported in literature. KS typical symptoms include tall stature, gynecomastia, broad hips, hypogonadism and absent spermatogenesis. The syndrome is also related to a wide range of cognitive deficits, among which language-based learning disabilities and verbal cognition impairment are frequently diagnosed. The present study was carried out to investigate the role of mitochondrial subunits in KS, since the molecular mechanisms underlying KS pathogenesis are not fully understood. Methods: The study was performed by the next generation sequencing analysis and qRT-PCR assay. Results: We were able to identify a significant down-expression of mitochondrial encoded NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 (MT-ND6) in men with KS. Conclusion: It is known that defects of the mtDNA encoding mitochondrial subunits are responsible for the malfunction of Complex I, which will eventually lead to the Complex I deficiency, the most common respiratory chain defect in human disorders. Since it has been shown that decreased Complex I protein levels could induce apoptosis, wehypothesizethat the above-mentioned MT-ND6 down-expression contributes to the wide range of phenotypes observed in men with KS.",
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AB - Objectives: Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is one of the most common sex-chromosome disorders as it affects up to 1 in every 600-1000 newborn males. Men with KS carry one extra X chromosome and they usually present a 47,XXY karyotype, but less frequent variants have also been reported in literature. KS typical symptoms include tall stature, gynecomastia, broad hips, hypogonadism and absent spermatogenesis. The syndrome is also related to a wide range of cognitive deficits, among which language-based learning disabilities and verbal cognition impairment are frequently diagnosed. The present study was carried out to investigate the role of mitochondrial subunits in KS, since the molecular mechanisms underlying KS pathogenesis are not fully understood. Methods: The study was performed by the next generation sequencing analysis and qRT-PCR assay. Results: We were able to identify a significant down-expression of mitochondrial encoded NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 (MT-ND6) in men with KS. Conclusion: It is known that defects of the mtDNA encoding mitochondrial subunits are responsible for the malfunction of Complex I, which will eventually lead to the Complex I deficiency, the most common respiratory chain defect in human disorders. Since it has been shown that decreased Complex I protein levels could induce apoptosis, wehypothesizethat the above-mentioned MT-ND6 down-expression contributes to the wide range of phenotypes observed in men with KS.

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