The effect of the calcium antagonist nicardipine on insulin secretion and glucose homoeostasis was investigated in elderly hypertensives with and without diabetes mellitus; 15 patients with essential hypertension for at least 10 years and normal glucose tolerance according to standard criteria (Group I) and 15 elderly hypertensive patients affected by Type 2 diabetes mellitus and on treatment with diet or oral drugs (Group 2). In the basal state, all patients were submitted to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT, 75 g) and an iv arginine test (30 g), on two different days and in random order. The same tests were repeated after one month of treatment with nicardipine 60 mg/day, in three spaced doses, the last being given 1 h before the post-treatment test. Nicardipine did not change overall glucose homoestasis, as assessed by haemoglobin Alc and fructosamine, nor did it significantly affect the plasma insulin response either to glucose or arginine in Groups 1 and 2. Only the glucagon response to arginine was significantly reduced in diabetic hypertensives. Small, non-significant variations in the metabolic and hormonal parameters were seen in additional two groups of patients (Groups 3 and 4), matched with Groups 1 and 2 for age, sex and diseases, who took capsules containing placebo. Thus, nicardipine did not produce any significant over-all alteration in glucose homoestasis when given to elderly diabetic or nondiabetic hypertensive subjects.
- glucose homoeostasis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Pharmacology (medical)