The nitric oxide (NO)-releasing agents sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) inhibit dioxygenase activity of lipoxygenase in human platelets and human CHP100 neuroblastoma cells, leading the latter to necrosis. The effect of both NO-donors on the dioxygenase reaction was investigated by using soybean lipoxygenase type II (LOX-2) as a model for the mammalian enzyme. SNP and SNAP were competitive inhibitors of LOX-2, with inhibition constants of 525 μM and 710 μM, respectively. Both compounds inactivated LOX-2 by reducing the catalytic iron to the inactive Fe(II) form and counteracted the H2O2-mediated activation of the LOX-2-catalyzed dioxygenase reaction. Similarly, the co-oxidative and peroxidative activities of LOX-2 were also inhibited by the NO-releasing agents. These findings suggest that the biological role played by NO can be mediated, at least in part, by the inactivation of lipoxygennse, a key-enzyme for the arachidonic acid metabolism in human cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 6 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology