Nitric oxide-donor compounds inhibit lipoxygenase activity

Mauro Maccarrone, M. Tiziana Corasaniti, Pietro Guerrieri, Giuseppe Nisticò, Alessandro Finazzi Agrò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The nitric oxide (NO)-releasing agents sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) inhibit dioxygenase activity of lipoxygenase in human platelets and human CHP100 neuroblastoma cells, leading the latter to necrosis. The effect of both NO-donors on the dioxygenase reaction was investigated by using soybean lipoxygenase type II (LOX-2) as a model for the mammalian enzyme. SNP and SNAP were competitive inhibitors of LOX-2, with inhibition constants of 525 μM and 710 μM, respectively. Both compounds inactivated LOX-2 by reducing the catalytic iron to the inactive Fe(II) form and counteracted the H2O2-mediated activation of the LOX-2-catalyzed dioxygenase reaction. Similarly, the co-oxidative and peroxidative activities of LOX-2 were also inhibited by the NO-releasing agents. These findings suggest that the biological role played by NO can be mediated, at least in part, by the inactivation of lipoxygennse, a key-enzyme for the arachidonic acid metabolism in human cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-133
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 6 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology


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