Apoptosis triggered by death receptors proceeds after defined signal- transduction pathways. Whether signaling at the receptor level is regulated by intracellular messengers is still unknown. We have investigated the role of two messengers, ceramide and nitric oxide (NO), on the apoptotic pathway activated in human monocytic U937 cells by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) working at its p55 receptor. Two transduction events, the receptor recruitment of the adapter protein, TRADD, and the activation of the initiator caspase, caspase 8, were investigated. When administered alone, neither of the messengers had any effect on these events. In combination with TNF-α, however, ceramide potentiated, whereas NO inhibited, TNF-α-induced TRADD recruitment and caspase 8 activity. The effect of NO, which was cGMP- dependent, was due to inhibition of the TNF-α-induced generation of ceramide. Our results identify a mechanism of regulation of a signal- transduction pathway activated by death receptors.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - May 9 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas