Nitric oxide-releasing aspirin inhibits vasoconstriction in perfused tail artery of normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats

Giuseppe Rossoni, Barbara Manfredi, Piero Del Soldato, Gianluca Polvani, Ferruccio Berti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the capacity of the 2-(acetyloxy)benzoic acid 3-(nitrooxymethyl)phenyl ester (NCX 4016), a nitric oxide (NO)-releaser derivative of aspirin, to decrease blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and to counteract the adrenergic vasoconstriction in perfused tail artery of these animals. Oral treatment for 10 consecutive days with NCX 4016 (100 μmol/kg) in SHR and their genetic controls Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats resulted in a reduction of blood pressure in SHR but not in WKY rats. In SHR, the NCX 4016 treatment increased the serum nitrite/nitrate and diminished the serum thromboxane B2, whereas aspirin did not change blood pressure but abolished the serum thromboxane B 2. Perfused tail arteries excised from vehicle-treated SHR exhibited a significant impairment of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxant function. These vessels, prepared from SHR or WKY rats treated orally with NCX 4016 (10, 30 and 100 μmol/kg for 7 consecutive days), revealed a dose-dependent decrease in vasoconstriction in response to transmural nerve stimulation and norepinephrine, whereas aspirin was ineffective. Furthermore, in tail arteries of both SHR and WKY rats treated orally with NCX 4016 (100 μmol/kg for 7 consecutive days), the cGMP increased significantly. In conclusion, NCX 4016, by releasing NO and increasing cGMP in vascular tissue, reduces sympathetic-mediated vasoconstriction in resistance vessels and lowers blood pressure in SHR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-68
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume477
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 5 2003

Keywords

  • cGMP
  • Hypertension
  • NCX 4016
  • Nitric oxide (NO)
  • Spontaneously hypertensive rat
  • Tail artery
  • Vasoconstriction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

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