Nitric oxide synthase in tissues around failed hip prostheses

S. Stea, M. Visentin, M. E. Donati, D. Granchi, G. Ciapetti, A. Sudanese, A. Toni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nineteen patients who had undergone hip revision surgery for aseptic loosening of joint prostheses were studied. Tissue samples were harvested at the interface between bone and implant, either at the stem or at the cotyle level. Immunohistochemistry was performed on tissue sections to detect nitric oxide synthase (NOS), the enzyme which enables the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), a molecule which can activate bone resorption. Quantitative analysis of the positive cells and correlation with the presence of particulate wear debris and radiological data were performed. The authors observed a trend towards a moderate increase in positive cells due to inducible NOS in tissues containing particulate wear debris, especially of a plastic material. This increase, however, did not achieve statistical significance. On the contrary, there was a statistical correlation between iNOS (inducible NOS) and the severity of osteolysis around the prosthetic implant. Pharmacological control of the biosynthesis of NO may be considered in the prevention or treatment of loosening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4833-4838
Number of pages6
JournalBiomaterials
Volume23
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002

Keywords

  • Bone/implant interface
  • Hip joint prosthesis
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Loosening
  • Nitric oxide synthase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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