Introduction: In the last decade, immune checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionized the treatment of several malignancies including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The inhibition of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) and the programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) pathways leads to an activation of the immune response against tumor cells. Thanks to a synergistic effect, the combination of the checkpoint inhibitors nivolumab and ipilimumab has the potential to improve outcomes of NSCLC patients. Areas covered: We provide an overview of clinical trials evaluating the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab in the first-line treatment of advanced NSCLC patients. Expert opinion: The combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab, alone or with a few cycles of chemotherapy, was demonstrated to be a valid option for first-line treatment of metastatic NSCLC patients without EGFR mutation and ALK rearrangement. However, a better understanding of patients who can benefit from this approach is required.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)