Nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus sunitinib in first-line treatment for advanced renal cell carcinoma

extended follow-up of efficacy and safety results from a randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial

CheckMate 214 investigators

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In the ongoing phase 3 CheckMate 214 trial, nivolumab plus ipilimumab showed superior efficacy over sunitinib in patients with previously untreated intermediate-risk or poor-risk advanced renal cell carcinoma, with a manageable safety profile. In this study, we aimed to assess efficacy and safety after extended follow-up to inform the long-term clinical benefit of nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus sunitinib in this setting. Methods: In the phase 3, randomised, controlled CheckMate 214 trial, patients aged 18 years and older with previously untreated, advanced, or metastatic histologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma with a clear-cell component were recruited from 175 hospitals and cancer centres in 28 countries. Patients were categorised by International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium risk status into favourable-risk, intermediate-risk, and poor-risk subgroups and randomly assigned (1:1) to open-label nivolumab (3 mg/kg intravenously) plus ipilimumab (1 mg/kg intravenously) every 3 weeks for four doses, followed by nivolumab (3 mg/kg intravenously) every 2 weeks; or sunitinib (50 mg orally) once daily for 4 weeks (6-week cycle). Randomisation was done through an interactive voice response system, with a block size of four and stratified by risk status and geographical region. The co-primary endpoints for the trial were overall survival, progression-free survival per independent radiology review committee (IRRC), and objective responses per IRRC in intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients. Secondary endpoints were overall survival, progression-free survival per IRRC, and objective responses per IRRC in the intention-to-treat population, and adverse events in all treated patients. In this Article, we report overall survival, investigator-assessed progression-free survival, investigator-assessed objective response, characterisation of response, and safety after extended follow-up. Efficacy outcomes were assessed in all randomly assigned patients; safety was assessed in all treated patients. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02231749, and is ongoing but now closed to recruitment. Findings: Between Oct 16, 2014, and Feb 23, 2016, of 1390 patients screened, 1096 (79%) eligible patients were randomly assigned to nivolumab plus ipilimumab or sunitinib (550 vs 546 in the intention-to-treat population; 425 vs 422 intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients, and 125 vs 124 favourable-risk patients). With extended follow-up (median follow-up 32·4 months [IQR 13·4–36·3]), in intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients, results for the three co-primary efficacy endpoints showed that nivolumab plus ipilimumab continued to be superior to sunitinib in terms of overall survival (median not reached [95% CI 35·6–not estimable] vs 26·6 months [22·1–33·4]; hazard ratio [HR] 0·66 [95% CI 0·54–0·80], p<0·0001), progression-free survival (median 8·2 months [95% CI 6·9–10·0] vs 8·3 months [7·0–8·8]; HR 0·77 [95% CI 0·65–0·90], p=0·0014), and the proportion of patients achieving an objective response (178 [42%] of 425 vs 124 [29%] of 422; p=0·0001). Similarly, in intention-to-treat patients, nivolumab and ipilimumab showed improved efficacy compared with sunitinib in terms of overall survival (median not reached [95% CI not estimable] vs 37·9 months [32·2–not estimable]; HR 0·71 [95% CI 0·59–0·86], p=0·0003), progression-free survival (median 9·7 months [95% CI 8·1–11·1] vs 9·7 months [8·3–11·1]; HR 0·85 [95% CI 0·73–0·98], p=0·027), and the proportion of patients achieving an objective response (227 [41%] of 550 vs 186 [34%] of 546 p=0·015). In all treated patients, the most common grade 3–4 treatment-related adverse events in the nivolumab and ipilimumab group were increased lipase (57 [10%] of 547), increased amylase (31 [6%]), and increased alanine aminotransferase (28 [5%]), whereas in the sunitinib group they were hypertension (90 [17%] of 535), fatigue (51 [10%]), and palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia (49 [9%]). Eight deaths in the nivolumab plus ipilimumab group and four deaths in the sunitinib group were reported as treatment-related. Interpretation: The results suggest that the superior efficacy of nivolumab plus ipilimumab over sunitinib was maintained in intermediate-risk or poor-risk and intention-to-treat patients with extended follow-up, and show the long-term benefits of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma across all risk categories. Funding: Bristol-Myers Squibb and ONO Pharmaceutical.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1370-1385
Number of pages16
JournalThe Lancet Oncology
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

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Renal Cell Carcinoma
Safety
Therapeutics
Disease-Free Survival
Advisory Committees
Radiology
Survival
ipilimumab
sunitinib
nivolumab
Research Personnel
Cancer Care Facilities
Cellular Structures
Amylases
Random Allocation
Lipase
Alanine Transaminase
Population
Fatigue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Cite this

@article{0e098eb5e0dc4dbc924137a071723fec,
title = "Nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus sunitinib in first-line treatment for advanced renal cell carcinoma: extended follow-up of efficacy and safety results from a randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial",
abstract = "Background: In the ongoing phase 3 CheckMate 214 trial, nivolumab plus ipilimumab showed superior efficacy over sunitinib in patients with previously untreated intermediate-risk or poor-risk advanced renal cell carcinoma, with a manageable safety profile. In this study, we aimed to assess efficacy and safety after extended follow-up to inform the long-term clinical benefit of nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus sunitinib in this setting. Methods: In the phase 3, randomised, controlled CheckMate 214 trial, patients aged 18 years and older with previously untreated, advanced, or metastatic histologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma with a clear-cell component were recruited from 175 hospitals and cancer centres in 28 countries. Patients were categorised by International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium risk status into favourable-risk, intermediate-risk, and poor-risk subgroups and randomly assigned (1:1) to open-label nivolumab (3 mg/kg intravenously) plus ipilimumab (1 mg/kg intravenously) every 3 weeks for four doses, followed by nivolumab (3 mg/kg intravenously) every 2 weeks; or sunitinib (50 mg orally) once daily for 4 weeks (6-week cycle). Randomisation was done through an interactive voice response system, with a block size of four and stratified by risk status and geographical region. The co-primary endpoints for the trial were overall survival, progression-free survival per independent radiology review committee (IRRC), and objective responses per IRRC in intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients. Secondary endpoints were overall survival, progression-free survival per IRRC, and objective responses per IRRC in the intention-to-treat population, and adverse events in all treated patients. In this Article, we report overall survival, investigator-assessed progression-free survival, investigator-assessed objective response, characterisation of response, and safety after extended follow-up. Efficacy outcomes were assessed in all randomly assigned patients; safety was assessed in all treated patients. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02231749, and is ongoing but now closed to recruitment. Findings: Between Oct 16, 2014, and Feb 23, 2016, of 1390 patients screened, 1096 (79{\%}) eligible patients were randomly assigned to nivolumab plus ipilimumab or sunitinib (550 vs 546 in the intention-to-treat population; 425 vs 422 intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients, and 125 vs 124 favourable-risk patients). With extended follow-up (median follow-up 32·4 months [IQR 13·4–36·3]), in intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients, results for the three co-primary efficacy endpoints showed that nivolumab plus ipilimumab continued to be superior to sunitinib in terms of overall survival (median not reached [95{\%} CI 35·6–not estimable] vs 26·6 months [22·1–33·4]; hazard ratio [HR] 0·66 [95{\%} CI 0·54–0·80], p<0·0001), progression-free survival (median 8·2 months [95{\%} CI 6·9–10·0] vs 8·3 months [7·0–8·8]; HR 0·77 [95{\%} CI 0·65–0·90], p=0·0014), and the proportion of patients achieving an objective response (178 [42{\%}] of 425 vs 124 [29{\%}] of 422; p=0·0001). Similarly, in intention-to-treat patients, nivolumab and ipilimumab showed improved efficacy compared with sunitinib in terms of overall survival (median not reached [95{\%} CI not estimable] vs 37·9 months [32·2–not estimable]; HR 0·71 [95{\%} CI 0·59–0·86], p=0·0003), progression-free survival (median 9·7 months [95{\%} CI 8·1–11·1] vs 9·7 months [8·3–11·1]; HR 0·85 [95{\%} CI 0·73–0·98], p=0·027), and the proportion of patients achieving an objective response (227 [41{\%}] of 550 vs 186 [34{\%}] of 546 p=0·015). In all treated patients, the most common grade 3–4 treatment-related adverse events in the nivolumab and ipilimumab group were increased lipase (57 [10{\%}] of 547), increased amylase (31 [6{\%}]), and increased alanine aminotransferase (28 [5{\%}]), whereas in the sunitinib group they were hypertension (90 [17{\%}] of 535), fatigue (51 [10{\%}]), and palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia (49 [9{\%}]). Eight deaths in the nivolumab plus ipilimumab group and four deaths in the sunitinib group were reported as treatment-related. Interpretation: The results suggest that the superior efficacy of nivolumab plus ipilimumab over sunitinib was maintained in intermediate-risk or poor-risk and intention-to-treat patients with extended follow-up, and show the long-term benefits of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma across all risk categories. Funding: Bristol-Myers Squibb and ONO Pharmaceutical.",
author = "{CheckMate 214 investigators} and Motzer, {Robert J.} and Rini, {Brian I.} and McDermott, {David F.} and {Ar{\'e}n Frontera}, Osvaldo and Hammers, {Hans J.} and Carducci, {Michael A.} and Pamela Salman and Bernard Escudier and Benoit Beuselinck and Asim Amin and Camillo Porta and Saby George and Victoria Neiman and Sergio Bracarda and Tykodi, {Scott S.} and Philippe Barth{\'e}l{\'e}my and Raya Leibowitz-Amit and Plimack, {Elizabeth R.} and Oosting, {Sjoukje F.} and Bruce Redman and Bohuslav Melichar and Thomas Powles and Paul Nathan and St{\'e}phane Oudard and David Pook and Choueiri, {Toni K.} and Frede Donskov and Grimm, {Marc Oliver} and Howard Gurney and Heng, {Daniel Y.C.} and Kollmannsberger, {Christian K.} and Harrison, {Michael R.} and Yoshihiko Tomita and Ignacio Duran and Viktor Gr{\"u}nwald and McHenry, {M. Brent} and Sabeen Mekan and Tannir, {Nizar M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S1470-2045(19)30413-9",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "1370--1385",
journal = "The Lancet Oncology",
issn = "1470-2045",
publisher = "Lancet Publishing Group",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus sunitinib in first-line treatment for advanced renal cell carcinoma

T2 - extended follow-up of efficacy and safety results from a randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial

AU - CheckMate 214 investigators

AU - Motzer, Robert J.

AU - Rini, Brian I.

AU - McDermott, David F.

AU - Arén Frontera, Osvaldo

AU - Hammers, Hans J.

AU - Carducci, Michael A.

AU - Salman, Pamela

AU - Escudier, Bernard

AU - Beuselinck, Benoit

AU - Amin, Asim

AU - Porta, Camillo

AU - George, Saby

AU - Neiman, Victoria

AU - Bracarda, Sergio

AU - Tykodi, Scott S.

AU - Barthélémy, Philippe

AU - Leibowitz-Amit, Raya

AU - Plimack, Elizabeth R.

AU - Oosting, Sjoukje F.

AU - Redman, Bruce

AU - Melichar, Bohuslav

AU - Powles, Thomas

AU - Nathan, Paul

AU - Oudard, Stéphane

AU - Pook, David

AU - Choueiri, Toni K.

AU - Donskov, Frede

AU - Grimm, Marc Oliver

AU - Gurney, Howard

AU - Heng, Daniel Y.C.

AU - Kollmannsberger, Christian K.

AU - Harrison, Michael R.

AU - Tomita, Yoshihiko

AU - Duran, Ignacio

AU - Grünwald, Viktor

AU - McHenry, M. Brent

AU - Mekan, Sabeen

AU - Tannir, Nizar M.

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Background: In the ongoing phase 3 CheckMate 214 trial, nivolumab plus ipilimumab showed superior efficacy over sunitinib in patients with previously untreated intermediate-risk or poor-risk advanced renal cell carcinoma, with a manageable safety profile. In this study, we aimed to assess efficacy and safety after extended follow-up to inform the long-term clinical benefit of nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus sunitinib in this setting. Methods: In the phase 3, randomised, controlled CheckMate 214 trial, patients aged 18 years and older with previously untreated, advanced, or metastatic histologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma with a clear-cell component were recruited from 175 hospitals and cancer centres in 28 countries. Patients were categorised by International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium risk status into favourable-risk, intermediate-risk, and poor-risk subgroups and randomly assigned (1:1) to open-label nivolumab (3 mg/kg intravenously) plus ipilimumab (1 mg/kg intravenously) every 3 weeks for four doses, followed by nivolumab (3 mg/kg intravenously) every 2 weeks; or sunitinib (50 mg orally) once daily for 4 weeks (6-week cycle). Randomisation was done through an interactive voice response system, with a block size of four and stratified by risk status and geographical region. The co-primary endpoints for the trial were overall survival, progression-free survival per independent radiology review committee (IRRC), and objective responses per IRRC in intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients. Secondary endpoints were overall survival, progression-free survival per IRRC, and objective responses per IRRC in the intention-to-treat population, and adverse events in all treated patients. In this Article, we report overall survival, investigator-assessed progression-free survival, investigator-assessed objective response, characterisation of response, and safety after extended follow-up. Efficacy outcomes were assessed in all randomly assigned patients; safety was assessed in all treated patients. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02231749, and is ongoing but now closed to recruitment. Findings: Between Oct 16, 2014, and Feb 23, 2016, of 1390 patients screened, 1096 (79%) eligible patients were randomly assigned to nivolumab plus ipilimumab or sunitinib (550 vs 546 in the intention-to-treat population; 425 vs 422 intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients, and 125 vs 124 favourable-risk patients). With extended follow-up (median follow-up 32·4 months [IQR 13·4–36·3]), in intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients, results for the three co-primary efficacy endpoints showed that nivolumab plus ipilimumab continued to be superior to sunitinib in terms of overall survival (median not reached [95% CI 35·6–not estimable] vs 26·6 months [22·1–33·4]; hazard ratio [HR] 0·66 [95% CI 0·54–0·80], p<0·0001), progression-free survival (median 8·2 months [95% CI 6·9–10·0] vs 8·3 months [7·0–8·8]; HR 0·77 [95% CI 0·65–0·90], p=0·0014), and the proportion of patients achieving an objective response (178 [42%] of 425 vs 124 [29%] of 422; p=0·0001). Similarly, in intention-to-treat patients, nivolumab and ipilimumab showed improved efficacy compared with sunitinib in terms of overall survival (median not reached [95% CI not estimable] vs 37·9 months [32·2–not estimable]; HR 0·71 [95% CI 0·59–0·86], p=0·0003), progression-free survival (median 9·7 months [95% CI 8·1–11·1] vs 9·7 months [8·3–11·1]; HR 0·85 [95% CI 0·73–0·98], p=0·027), and the proportion of patients achieving an objective response (227 [41%] of 550 vs 186 [34%] of 546 p=0·015). In all treated patients, the most common grade 3–4 treatment-related adverse events in the nivolumab and ipilimumab group were increased lipase (57 [10%] of 547), increased amylase (31 [6%]), and increased alanine aminotransferase (28 [5%]), whereas in the sunitinib group they were hypertension (90 [17%] of 535), fatigue (51 [10%]), and palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia (49 [9%]). Eight deaths in the nivolumab plus ipilimumab group and four deaths in the sunitinib group were reported as treatment-related. Interpretation: The results suggest that the superior efficacy of nivolumab plus ipilimumab over sunitinib was maintained in intermediate-risk or poor-risk and intention-to-treat patients with extended follow-up, and show the long-term benefits of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma across all risk categories. Funding: Bristol-Myers Squibb and ONO Pharmaceutical.

AB - Background: In the ongoing phase 3 CheckMate 214 trial, nivolumab plus ipilimumab showed superior efficacy over sunitinib in patients with previously untreated intermediate-risk or poor-risk advanced renal cell carcinoma, with a manageable safety profile. In this study, we aimed to assess efficacy and safety after extended follow-up to inform the long-term clinical benefit of nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus sunitinib in this setting. Methods: In the phase 3, randomised, controlled CheckMate 214 trial, patients aged 18 years and older with previously untreated, advanced, or metastatic histologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma with a clear-cell component were recruited from 175 hospitals and cancer centres in 28 countries. Patients were categorised by International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium risk status into favourable-risk, intermediate-risk, and poor-risk subgroups and randomly assigned (1:1) to open-label nivolumab (3 mg/kg intravenously) plus ipilimumab (1 mg/kg intravenously) every 3 weeks for four doses, followed by nivolumab (3 mg/kg intravenously) every 2 weeks; or sunitinib (50 mg orally) once daily for 4 weeks (6-week cycle). Randomisation was done through an interactive voice response system, with a block size of four and stratified by risk status and geographical region. The co-primary endpoints for the trial were overall survival, progression-free survival per independent radiology review committee (IRRC), and objective responses per IRRC in intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients. Secondary endpoints were overall survival, progression-free survival per IRRC, and objective responses per IRRC in the intention-to-treat population, and adverse events in all treated patients. In this Article, we report overall survival, investigator-assessed progression-free survival, investigator-assessed objective response, characterisation of response, and safety after extended follow-up. Efficacy outcomes were assessed in all randomly assigned patients; safety was assessed in all treated patients. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02231749, and is ongoing but now closed to recruitment. Findings: Between Oct 16, 2014, and Feb 23, 2016, of 1390 patients screened, 1096 (79%) eligible patients were randomly assigned to nivolumab plus ipilimumab or sunitinib (550 vs 546 in the intention-to-treat population; 425 vs 422 intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients, and 125 vs 124 favourable-risk patients). With extended follow-up (median follow-up 32·4 months [IQR 13·4–36·3]), in intermediate-risk or poor-risk patients, results for the three co-primary efficacy endpoints showed that nivolumab plus ipilimumab continued to be superior to sunitinib in terms of overall survival (median not reached [95% CI 35·6–not estimable] vs 26·6 months [22·1–33·4]; hazard ratio [HR] 0·66 [95% CI 0·54–0·80], p<0·0001), progression-free survival (median 8·2 months [95% CI 6·9–10·0] vs 8·3 months [7·0–8·8]; HR 0·77 [95% CI 0·65–0·90], p=0·0014), and the proportion of patients achieving an objective response (178 [42%] of 425 vs 124 [29%] of 422; p=0·0001). Similarly, in intention-to-treat patients, nivolumab and ipilimumab showed improved efficacy compared with sunitinib in terms of overall survival (median not reached [95% CI not estimable] vs 37·9 months [32·2–not estimable]; HR 0·71 [95% CI 0·59–0·86], p=0·0003), progression-free survival (median 9·7 months [95% CI 8·1–11·1] vs 9·7 months [8·3–11·1]; HR 0·85 [95% CI 0·73–0·98], p=0·027), and the proportion of patients achieving an objective response (227 [41%] of 550 vs 186 [34%] of 546 p=0·015). In all treated patients, the most common grade 3–4 treatment-related adverse events in the nivolumab and ipilimumab group were increased lipase (57 [10%] of 547), increased amylase (31 [6%]), and increased alanine aminotransferase (28 [5%]), whereas in the sunitinib group they were hypertension (90 [17%] of 535), fatigue (51 [10%]), and palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia (49 [9%]). Eight deaths in the nivolumab plus ipilimumab group and four deaths in the sunitinib group were reported as treatment-related. Interpretation: The results suggest that the superior efficacy of nivolumab plus ipilimumab over sunitinib was maintained in intermediate-risk or poor-risk and intention-to-treat patients with extended follow-up, and show the long-term benefits of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma across all risk categories. Funding: Bristol-Myers Squibb and ONO Pharmaceutical.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072673151&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072673151&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S1470-2045(19)30413-9

DO - 10.1016/S1470-2045(19)30413-9

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 1370

EP - 1385

JO - The Lancet Oncology

JF - The Lancet Oncology

SN - 1470-2045

IS - 10

ER -