NK cell effector functions in a Chédiak-Higashi patient undergoing cord blood transplantation: Effects of in vitro treatment with IL-2

Loredana Cifaldi, Rita M. Pinto, Ippolita Rana, Maurizio Caniglia, Adriano Angioni, S. Petrocchi, Caterina Cancrini, Laura Cursi, Giuseppe Palumbo, Alessandra Zingoni, Angela Gismondi, Paolo Rossi, Angela Santoni, Cristina Cerboni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

NK cell cytotoxicity in Chédiak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is strongly impaired as lytic granules are not released upon NK-target cell contact, contributing to several defects typical of this severe immunodeficiency. Correction of NK cell defects in CHS should improve the outcome of hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, proposed as therapy. We investigated NK cell functions in a CHS patient before and after cord-blood transplantation, and the ability of in vitro IL-2 treatment to restore them. Before the transplant, the strong defect in NK cell-mediated natural and antibody-dependent cytotoxicity, as well as in IFN-γ production, could be restored up to normal levels by in vitro IL-2 treatment. This cytokine also caused the appearance of smaller lysosomal granules and their orientation towards the NK-target cell contact area, thus suggesting that IL-2 had a more general capacity to restore NK cell effector functions. Moreover after the transplant, although the successful engraftment, NK cell cytotoxicity resulted still partially impaired at one year, almost normal at ten years and, anyhow, fully recovered by in vitro IL-2 treatment. Taken together, our results indicate that IL-2 had a wide capacity to restore NK cell effector functions, being able to reverse the altered cytotoxic activity, lytic granule pattern, and cytokine production observed in the CHS patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalImmunology Letters
Volume180
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cellular immunology
  • Cord blood transplantation
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Interleukin 2
  • NK cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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