NLRP3 polymorphism is associated with protection against human T-lymphotropic virus 1 infection

Anselmo Jiro Kamada, Alessandra Pontillo, Rafael Lima Guimarães, Paula Loureiro, Sergio Crovella, Lucas André Cavalcanti Brandão

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Inter-individual heterogeneity in the response to human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) infection has been partially attributed to host genetic background. The antiviral activity of the inflammasome cytoplasmic complex recognises viral molecular patterns and regulates immune responses via the activation of interleukin (IL)-1 family (IL-1, IL-18 and IL-33) members. The association between polymorphisms in the inflammasome receptors NLRP1 and NLRP3 and HTLV-1 infection was evaluated in a northeastern Brazilian population (84 HTLV-1 carriers and 155 healthy controls). NLRP3 rs10754558 G/G was associated with protection against HTLV-1 infection (p = 0.012; odds ratio = 0.37). rs10754558 affects NLRP3 mRNA stability; therefore, our results suggest that higher NLRP3 expression may augment first-line defences, leading to the effective protection against HTLV-1 infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalMemorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volume109
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

Keywords

  • HTLV-1
  • Innate immunity
  • NLRP1
  • NLRP3
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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