The aim of this study was to evaluate nm23 expression as detected in malignant cells of neoplastic ascites and to verify its relationship with the presence of tissue nm23 and p53 in primitive neoplasia. Using an immunocytochemical assay with a specific anti-nm23 polyclonal antibody, nm23 expression was evaluated in ascitic effusions of 45 patients with ovarian serous adenocarcinoma and ascites in normal and/or hyperplastic mesothelial cells from 37 women with various neoplasms (12 ovarian neoplasms) free of malignant cells as controls. nm23 and p53 tissue expression was also detected in 21 corresponding tumor samples, including 11 bilateral lesions. nm23 was expressed in 57% of malignant effusions compared to 43% in controls: the two groups were not correlated. nm23 in effusions agreed with tissue expression (p=0.02) but a direct correlation was not demonstrated. The incidence of nm23 was more frequent in stage III than in stage IV disease (p=0.08) and was associated with mutated p53 expression (p=0.01). Using the Wilcoxon test for unpaired data, a higher incidence (p=0.05) of p53-positive tumors in bilateral cancers was found while a higher expression of nm23 in effusions of patients with monolateral lesions was observed (p=0.08). The presence of p53 was correlated with that of nm23 in both cytologic (p=0.005) and histological samples (p=0.01). Our findings, together with the diversity in biological behaviour present in various tumors, suggest that nm23 is a family of genes with differing biological functions which act as tumor-specific inhibiting factors within a complex process also involving other genes. Due to the analogies and correlations between nm23 and p53, the role of nm23 as a potential predictive factor of response to chemotherapy and in DNA repair is emphasized.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research