Non classical complications of primary hyperparathyroidism

I. Chiodini, E. Cairoli, S. Palmieri, J. Pepe, M. D. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Several studies suggested that the condition of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) may be associated not only with the classical bone, kidney and gastrointestinal consequences, but also with cardiovascular, neuromuscular and articular complications, impaired quality of life and increased cancer risk. However, the only cardiovascular complications associated with PHPT, which seems to improve after parathyroidectomy, is left ventricular hypertrophy, while, data regarding the reversibility of hypertension, valve calcifications and increased vascular stiffness are inconsistent. Parathyroidectomy seems to ameliorate neuropsychological, cognitive disturbances and quality of life in moderate-severe PHPT, while data in mild PHPT are less clear. At variance, the effect of parathyroidectomy on neuromuscular and articular complications is still unknown, and no studies demonstrated a reduction of cancer risk after recovery from PHPT. Overall, to date, cardiovascular and neuropsychological evaluation are not recommended solely because of PHPT, nor cardiovascular disease, muscle weakness, and neuropsychological complications are indication for parathyroidectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)805-820
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • cancer risk
  • cardiovascular disease
  • neuromuscular manifestations
  • neuropsychological disturbances
  • primary hyperparathyroidism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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