Non-contact mapping to guide catheter ablation of untolerated ventricular tachycardia

Paolo Della Bella, A. Pappalardo, S. Riva, C. Tondo, G. Fassini, N. Trevisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: The role of a novel non-contact mapping system (ESI 3000, Endocardial Solutions) to guide radiofrequency catheter ablation of untolerated ventricular tachycardia was investigated in 17 patients; 11 with prior myocardial infarction, three with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, and three with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Methods: Twenty-seven monomorphic ventricular tachycardias were induced (mean cycle 320 ± 60 ms, range 230-450 ms), mapped for 15-20 s, and terminated by overdrive pacing or DC shock. Off-line analysis of isopotential activation mapping was performed to identify the diastolic pathway and/or the exit point of the ventricular tachycardia reentry circuit. Radiofrequency current was applied to create a line of block across the diastolic pathway or around the exit point. Results: All 27 ventricular tachycardias were mapped with the non-contact system. The endocardial exit point (- 7 ± 15 ms before QRS onset) was defined in 21/21 postinfarction ventricular tachycardias, in 3/3 arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and in 1/3 idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy ventricular tachycardias, respectively. The diastolic pathway (earliest endocardial diastolic activity: - 65 ± 49 ms before QRS onset) was identified in 17/21 postinfarction ventricular tachycardias, in 1/3 arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and in 1/3 idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy ventricular tachycardias, respectively. Catheter ablation was performed in 25/27 ventricular tachycardias (93%) in 15/17 patients (88%): 16/25 ventricular tachycardias (64%) were successfully ablated in 10/17 patients (59%). Catheter ablation was not performed in two patients or proved unsuccessful in five patients. At a follow-up of 15 ± 5 months, there was no recurrence of documented ventricular tachycardia in all 10 patients with successful catheter ablation; in two of them a previously non-documented ventricular tachycardia occurred. A high recurrence of ventricular tachycardia was observed in patients with a failed procedure (5/7: 71%). No major complication or death occurred. Conclusions: Non-contact mapping can be effectively used to map and guide radiofrequency catheter ablation of untolerated ventricular tachycardias. Given the favourable acute and clinical long-term results, this approach proves to be more effective in patients with postinfarction ventricular tachycardias, in comparison to patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)742-752
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2002

Keywords

  • Non-contact mapping
  • Radiofrequency catheter ablation
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Non-contact mapping to guide catheter ablation of untolerated ventricular tachycardia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this