Background: Inherited conditions affecting genetic aberration, viral oncogenesis, reduced immune surveillance, and long-lasting antigen stimulation may build the way to lymphomagenesis in humans. Methods: We extracted from the database of 4 consecutive trials for pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) all cases with an associated genetic disease. Results: Among 1,430 patients, 34 (2.4%) had an associated inherited condition and a mature B-lineage (n=28), anaplastic large cell lymphoma (n=4), or T-lineage (n=2) NHL. Their median age at the diagnosis was 9.3 years (range, 2.6-17.8 years). In 14 cases (41%) the underlying condition was considered to be a potential cause for undue toxicity if the expected therapy was applied. Thus, treatment modification had been planned in advance. The overall survival was 89% (standard error [SE] 1%), 73% (SE 10%), and 73% (SE 23%) at 3 years for registered patients with no inherited condition associated, with genetic abnormalities and with underlying condition causing an immune deficiency, respectively (P=0.003). Conclusion: In our cohort, patients with NHL with an underlying constitutional condition represent the 2.4% of the cases. In the subset of patients with primary immune deficiency, which may have contributed to lymphomagenesis, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be required. In the remaining patients, the association with lymphoma remains apparently unexplained and could be not causative. Detailed reporting of such cases may contribute to disclose even rare and fully unexpected association, which may have implications for research in the field of lymphomagenesis.
- Associated genetic condition
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health