Non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure in monolateral lung transplant patient with pneumonia and IPF.

S. Aliberti, M. C. Andrisani, P. Tarsia, R. Trevisan, R. Cosentini, L. Longhi, M. Pappalettera, M. Nosotti, F. Blasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Patients who undergo lung transplantation are prone to develop lower respiratory tract infections, leading to severe acute respiratory failure (ARF). Endotracheal intubation may not be indicated in these patients in light of a higher rate of mortality due to infections. The application of non-invasive ventilation could play a role in bridging these patients through the episode of ARF waiting for medical treatment to have effect. We report the evidence of morphological and physiological effects of the application of non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure during ARF sustained by pneumonia in a patient who underwent left lung transplantation because of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We studied the effects of the application of positive end-expiratory pressure on both the right native lung affected by IPF and the transplanted lung affected by pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series
Volume73
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

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Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Pneumonia
Respiratory Insufficiency
Transplants
Lung
Lung Transplantation
Noninvasive Ventilation
Intratracheal Intubation
Positive-Pressure Respiration
Respiratory Tract Infections
Mortality
Infection
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure in monolateral lung transplant patient with pneumonia and IPF.",
abstract = "Patients who undergo lung transplantation are prone to develop lower respiratory tract infections, leading to severe acute respiratory failure (ARF). Endotracheal intubation may not be indicated in these patients in light of a higher rate of mortality due to infections. The application of non-invasive ventilation could play a role in bridging these patients through the episode of ARF waiting for medical treatment to have effect. We report the evidence of morphological and physiological effects of the application of non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure during ARF sustained by pneumonia in a patient who underwent left lung transplantation because of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We studied the effects of the application of positive end-expiratory pressure on both the right native lung affected by IPF and the transplanted lung affected by pneumonia.",
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AU - Aliberti, S.

AU - Andrisani, M. C.

AU - Tarsia, P.

AU - Trevisan, R.

AU - Cosentini, R.

AU - Longhi, L.

AU - Pappalettera, M.

AU - Nosotti, M.

AU - Blasi, F.

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