Non-invasive measurements of respiratory system mechanical properties by the forced oscillation technique in spontaneously breathing, mixed-breed, normal term lambs from birth to five months of age

Chiara Veneroni, Mar Janna Dahl, Anna Lavizzari, Elaine Dawson, Andrew Rebentisch, Sean Studstill, Sydney Bowen, Kurt H. Albertine, Raffaele L. Dellaca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To provide a non-invasive approach to monitoring lung function in spontaneously breathing lambs, from birth to five months of life, by the forced oscillation technique (FOT). This report describes the experimental set-up, data processing, and identification of normal predicted values of resistance (Rrs) and reactance (Xrs) of the respiratory system, along with normal bronchodilator response for bronchial reversibility testing. APPROACH: Rrs and Xrs at 5, 11, and 19 Hz were measured monthly for five months in 20 normal term lambs that breathed spontaneously. In seven lambs, repeated measurements also were made within the first month of life (at 3, 7, 14, and 21 d of life). We determined the repeatability and reproducibility of the measurements and characterized the relationship between lung mechanics and age, sex, and body dimensions, using regression analysis, and measured changes in lung mechanics in response to inhaled bronchodilator. MAIN RESULTS: The measurements provided repeatable and reproducible data. Rrs decreased, whereas Xrs increased, with growth from birth through the first two months of life, after which no statistically significant differences were detected. We identified normal value equations for Rrs and Xrs and for each of the measured anthropometric variables. Respiratory system mechanics were not affected by the bronchodilator. SIGNIFICANCE: The FOT provides reliable non-invasive measurement of respiratory system mechanics in spontaneously breathing term lambs from birth to five months of age. The methods and normal reference values defined in this study will facilitate testing of the pathophysiological consequences of preterm birth and prolonged respiratory support on respiratory system mechanics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105007
JournalPhysiological Measurement
Volume40
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 4 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)

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