Non-invasive mechanical ventilation in elderly patients: A narrative review

Ines Maria Grazia Piroddi, Cornelius Barlascini, Antonio Esquinas, Fulvio Braido, Paolo Banfi, Antonello Nicolini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The treatment of acute respiratory failure with non-invasive ventilation (NIV) as a first-line therapy is increasingly common in intensive care units. The reduced invasiveness of NIV leads to better outcomes than endotracheal intubation in carefully selected groups of patients. Furthermore, the use of NIV as a palliative treatment for respiratory failure and dyspnea has become increasingly common. NIV also has an impact on the use of "do not intubate" orders. In the present narrative review, we explore the use and outcome of NIV in elderly patients. To accomplish this, we reviewed the most recent available medical literature.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGeriatrics and Gerontology International
Early online dateMay 23 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - May 23 2016

Keywords

  • Emergency/intensive care medicine
  • Non-invasive ventilation
  • Respirology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Health(social science)

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