Non-syndromic cleft palate: Association analysis on three gene polymorphisms of the folate pathway in Asian and Italian populations

Francesco Carinci, Annalisa Palmieri, Luca Scapoli, Francesca Cura, Francesco Borelli, Paolo Giovanni Morselli, Nayereh Nouri, Hossein Abdali, Aldo Bruno Gianni, Antonio Russillo, Raffaella Docimo, Marcella Martinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Periconceptional folic acid supplementation can reduce the risk of inborn malformations, including orofacial clefts. Polymorphisms of MTHFR, TCN2, and CBS folate-related genes seem to modulate the risk of cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) in some populations. CL/P and cleft palate only (CPO) are different malformations that share several features and possibly etiological causes. In the present investigation, we conducted a family-based, candidate gene association study of non-syndromic CPO. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms, namely, rs1801133 of MTHFR, rs1801198 of TCN2, and rs4920037 of CBS, were investigated in a sample that included 129 Italian and 65 Asian families. No evidence of association between the three genotyped polymorphisms and CPO was found in the Italian and Asian cases, indeed the transmission disequilibrium test did not detect any asymmetry of transmission of alleles. This investigation, although with some limitation, further supports that CL/P and CPO diverge in their genetic background.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2058738419858572
JournalInternational Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Asian and Italian populations
  • cleft palate
  • folic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

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