Nonacog beta pegol (N9-GP) in haemophilia B: A multinational phase III safety and efficacy extension trial (paradigm™4)

Guy Young, Peter W. Collins, Torben Colberg, Ampaiwan Chuansumrit, Hideji Hanabusa, Steven R. Lentz, Johnny Mahlangu, Evelien P. Mauser-Bunschoten, Claude Négrier, Johannes Oldenburg, Turkan Patiroglu, Elena Santagostino, Ramin Tehranchi, Marek Zak, Faraizah Abdul Karim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Paradigm™4 was an international extension trial investigating the safety and efficacy of nonacog beta pegol, a recombinant glycoPEGylated factor IX (FIX) with extended half-life, in haemophilia B patients (FIX activity ≤ 2%; aged 13-70 years) who had previously participated in phase III pivotal (paradigm™2) or surgery (paradigm™3) trials. Methods Patients chose to continue treatment with nonacog beta pegol in either one of two once-weekly prophylaxis arms (10 IU/kg or 40 IU/kg), or an on-demand arm (40 IU/kg for mild/moderate bleeds; 80 IU/kg for severe bleeds). The primary objective was to evaluate immunogenicity; key secondary objectives included assessing safety and haemostatic efficacy in the treatment and prevention of bleeds. Results Seventy-one patients received prophylaxis or on-demand treatment. No patient developed an inhibitor and no safety concerns were identified. The success rate for the treatment of reported bleeds was 94.6%; most (87.9%) resolved with one injection. The median annualised bleeding rate for patients on prophylaxis was 1.36 (interquartile range [IQR] 0.00-2.23) and 1.00 (IQR 0.00-2.03) for the 10 and 40 IU/kg treatment arms, respectively. The mean FIX activity trough achieved for 10 and 40 IU once weekly was 9.8% and 21.3%, respectively. Fourteen patients on prophylaxis underwent 23 minor surgical procedures; haemostatic perioperative outcomes for all of those evaluated were 'excellent' or 'good'. Conclusions Nonacog beta pegol showed a favourable tolerability profile (with no safety issues identified) with good prophylactic protection and control of bleeding in previously treated adult and adolescent haemophilia B patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume141
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • Factor IX
  • Haemophilia B
  • Half-life
  • Nonacog beta pegol
  • Prophylaxis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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