Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease prevalence in an Italian cohort of patients with hidradenitis suppurativa: A multi-center retrospective analysis

Giovanni Damiani, Sebastiano Leone, Kristen Fajgenbaum, Nicola L. Bragazzi, Alessia Pacifico, Rosalynn R.Z. Conic, Paolo D.M. Pigatto, Carlo Maiorana, Pierpaolo Poli, Emilio Berti, Maria C. Pace, Piergiorgio Malagoli, Vincenzo Bettoli, Marco Fiore

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BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes two distinct conditions, with different histologic features and prognosis: non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Furthermore, NASH is the more aggressive necro-inflammatory form, which may accumulate fibrosis and result in End stage liver disease (ESLD). NAFLD is also linked to systemic inflammatory conditions such as psoriasis. NAFLD is currently the most common cause of ESLD in Western countries, becoming a serious public health concern. Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a systemic inflammatory/autoinflammatory disease of the terminal follicular epithelium of the apocrine gland with a prevalence of 0.05% to 4.10%. Due to its systemic inflammatory behavior several comorbidities were recently associated, however liver ones were scarcely assessed. AIM To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of NASH/NAFL in HS patients. METHODS This retrospective study is a sub-analysis of a larger study carried out in 4 Italian dermatological centers. In this cohort, there were 83 patients: 51 patients with HS only, 20 patients with HS/NAFL and 12 with HS/NASH. RESULTS Inflammatory comorbidities were present in 3.9% of HS only patients, 25% of HS/NAFL patients and 58.3% of HS/NASH patients (P < 0.001). Similarly, mean Autoinflammatory Disease Damage Index (ADDI) was significantly higher among patients with HS/NASH (5.3 ± 2.2, P < 0.001) compared to patients with HS/NAFL or HS only (2.8 ± 1.6 and 2.6 ± 1.4 respectively). Furthermore, ADDI correlates with IHS4 in HS, HS/NAFL and HS/NASH. Diabetic patients have higher Hurley score than not diabetic ones. Ultrasound examination was significantly different in the three groups. CONCLUSION HS patients displayed a high prevalence of NASH/NAFLD and ultrasound examination should be particularly addressed to patients that display high ADDI scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-401
Number of pages11
JournalWorld Journal of Hepatology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019


  • End stage liver disease
  • Hidradenitis suppurativa
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology


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