Nonfluoroscopic endocardial catheter mapping of atrial fibrillation

K. H. Kuck, S. Ernst, R. Cappato, E. Braun, M. Lang, S. A. Ben-Haim, J. Hebe, F. Ouyang, A. Khanedani, M. Antz, M. Volkmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The treatment of drug-refractory atrial fibrillation (AF) remains one of the unsolved problems in cardiology. Surgical interventions have demonstrated that AF can be prevented by multiple incisions within both atria. Recently, this strategy has been translated into a catheter procedure. So far, the ablation approach is not based on individual electrophysiologic data, but constitutes only an anatomic approach. Further insight into the spatial and temporal distribution of the local electrograms during AF is needed. Electroanatomic maps acquired by sequential mapping over 45 seconds at each site during AF in six patients with paroxysmal AF were analyzed off-line. Electrograms were sampled at a mean of 36 ± 12 sites in the left atrium of each patient. A total of 217 sites were sampled, of which 27.3% (59) represented type A (regular) AF, 9.7% (21) represented type B (totally irregular), and 63.1% (137) represented type C (mixture of type A and B) electrograms. The distribution was analyzed in 20 different segments of the left atrium, and a significantly higher incidence of type A electrograms was found in area 3 (upper lateral pulmonary vein) than at all other sites (P <0.005). This observation needs further confirmation before any conclusion with regard to catheter ablation can be drawn, particularly because the analysis was based on bipolar recordings from a 4-mm tip electrode.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume9
Issue number8 SUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Arrhythmias
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Catheter ablation
  • Electroanatomic mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology

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