The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether CT with intraperitoneal contrast (ipc/CT) in combination with immunocytochemical (ICC) tests could improve the diagnostic accuracy over conventional methods in the follow-up of ovarian carcinoma. Forty-five clinically disease-free ovarian cancer patients eligible for a second-look laparotomy were given an intraperitoneal infusion of positive contrast material followed by pelvic and abdominal CT. After the radiographic examination, the contrast fluid was collected by paracentesis and processed for morphological as well as for immunocytochemical analysis employing a panel of monoclonal antibodies identifying distinct ovarian tumor-associated antigens. While ipc/CT correctly detected the presence of peritoneal recurrences in 22 of 45 (49%) patients, the immunocytochemical tests demonstrated the presence of otherwise undiagnosed microscopic disease in an additional 8 patients (18%). Our results demonstrate that the combination of radiological and immunological methods may represent a more accurate, noninvasive means of monitoring ovarian cancer, thus reducing the need for a second-look laparotomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology