Noninvasive Options

Giuseppe Bello, Alessandra Ionescu Maddalena, Valentina Giammatteo, Massimo Antonelli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has assumed a central role in the treatment of selected patients with acute respiratory failure due to exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Recent advances in the understanding of physiologic aspects of NIV application through different interfaces and ventilator settings have led to improved patient-machine interaction, enhancing favorable NIV outcome. In recent years, the growing role of NIV in the acute care setting has led to the development of technical innovations to overcome the problems related to gas leakage and dead space, improving the quality of the devices and optimizing ventilation modes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-412
Number of pages18
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Critical care
  • Equipment and supplies
  • Noninvasive ventilation
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Ventilator weaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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