Nonirradiated human fibroblasts and irradiated 3t3-j2 murine fibroblasts as a feeder layer for keratinocyte growth and differentiation in vitro on a fibrin substrate

Laura Panacchia, Elena Dellambra, Sergio Bondanza, Patrizia Paterna, Riccardo Maurelli, Emanuel Paionni, Liliana Guerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The standard method for producing graftable epithelia relies on the presence of a feeder layer of lethally irradiated 3T3-J2 murine fibroblasts (Rheinwald and Green technique). Here, we studied a new keratinocyte culture system, which envisages the utilization of nonirradiated human fibroblasts embedded into a fibrin substrate, in cultures destined for a future clinical application. We tested this culture system using keratinocytes grown on a fibrin gel precoated with 3T3-J2 murine fibroblasts as a control. In order to evaluate the new technology, we compared the clonogenic potential and the proliferative, differentiative and metabolic characteristics of keratinocytes cultured on the fibrin gel under the two culture conditions. The results demonstrated that the proposed technology did not impair the behavior of cultured keratinocytes and revealed that cells maintained their proliferative potential and phenotype under the experimental conditions. In particular, the demonstration of stem cell maintenance under the adopted culture conditions is very important for acute burn treatment with skin substitutes. This work is a first step in the evaluation of a new keratinocyte culture system, which has been studied in order to take advantage of an additional human cell population (i.e. nonirradiated, growing fibroblasts) for future transplantation purposes in acute and chronic wounds. Additional research will allow us to attain (1) the removal of murine cells in the initial phase of keratinocyte cultures, and (2) the removal of other potentially dangerous animal-derived materials from the entire culture system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-35
Number of pages15
JournalCells Tissues Organs
Volume191
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • 3T3-J2 fibroblasts
  • Fibrin gel
  • Fibroblast cultures
  • Keratinocyte cultures
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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