Nonselective β-Blockers May Progress the Thrombosis of Portal Venous System in Cirrhotic Patients: A Retrospective Observational Study

Xiangbo Xu, Shixue Xu, Massimo Primignani, Valerio De Stefano, Yanglan He, Fangfang Yi, Xiaozhong Guo, Dominique Valla, Xingshun Qi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Occlusive portal venous system thrombosis (PVT) is significantly associated with poor outcomes in cirrhotic patients. Nonselective β-blockers (NSBBs) may be associated with the development of PVT. However, the role of NSBBs in progressing thrombosis remains unclear. Methods: Forty-three patients on whom contrast-enhanced computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging was performed twice, and for whom there was detailed information regarding NSBBs, were eligible in this study, including 16 in the NSBBs group and 27 in the no NSBBs group. A composite endpoint of progressing thrombosis included the development of PVT in patients without PVT and aggravation of PVT in patients with PVT. Logistic regression analysis was employed to identify the effect of NSBBs on the progression of PVT. Results: At the last admission, 13 patients had progressing thrombosis. The incidence of progressing thrombosis was significantly higher in the NSBBs group than in the no NSBBs group [50.0% (8/16) vs. 18.5% (5/27), P = 0.030]. The use of NSBBs (odds ratio 4.400, 95% confidence interval 1.107–17.482, P = 0.035) was significantly associated with progressing thrombosis in univariate logistic regression analyses, but not significant (odds ratio 4.084, 95% confidence interval 0.488–34.158, P = 0.194) in multivariate logistic regression analyses. Conclusions: NSBBs may play a role in the progression of PVT in liver cirrhosis. The benefits and risks of NSBBs in the management of liver cirrhosis should be fully weighed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1452-1463
JournalAdvances in Therapy
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Beta-blocker
  • Cirrhosis
  • Portal vein
  • Progression
  • Thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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