Evidence is accumulating that norepinephrine depletion enhances the neurotoxic effect of the parkinsonism inducing neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). In this study we investigated whether norepinephrine loss potentiates methamphetamine-induced striatal dopamine depletion. Injection of C57BL/6N mice with methamphetamine (2 × 5 mg/kg i.p., at 2-h intervals) produced only a partial (50%) striatal dopamine depletion 7 days after drug administration. Pretreatment with the selective noradrenergic neurotoxin N-(-2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP-4; 50 mg/kg i.p.) enhanced methamphetamine-induced striatal dopamine depletion by 86%, without decreasing striatal dopamine levels when injected alone. Our results extend previous findings obtained with the dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine in DSP-4-pretreated mice.
- DSP-4 (N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine)
- Locus ceruleus
- Striatal dopamine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience