Normal breast epithelial cells produce interleukin 6 and 8 together with tumor-necrosis factor: Defective IL6 expression in mammary carcinoma

F. Basolo, P. G. Conaldi, L. Fiore, S. Calvo, A. Toniolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Virtually pure primary cultures of normal mammary epithelial cells (MEC) obtained from healthy women were shown to release interleukin 6 and 8 (IL6, IL8) and to produce a nonsecreted form of tumor-necrosis factor (TNF). No interferon (IFN), whether α, β or γ, or ILI-α or -β could be detected. Analysis of cellular RNA confirmed these findings and showed that MEC also express IL6 receptor and TNF-α-related mRMAs. Epithelial cells were selectively stained by antibodies to IL6, IL8 and TNF-α both in primary cultures and in the normal mammary gland. Samples of human milk contained sizable amounts of IL6, IL8 and IFN-γ; yet the liquid phase was consistently negative for other cytokines (i.e., TNF-α, IFN-α/-β, ILI-α1 infiltrating carcinomas and greatly reduced in cultures of oncogene-transfected mammary cells, suggesting that alterations of IL6 expression are associated with pathogenesis in breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)926-930
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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