Purpose: To investigate diastolic and systolic patterns of segmental and transmural rest perfusion of the left ventricle (LV) in normal subjects (NS) undergoing third-generation dual-source cardiac computed tomography (CCT). Methods: Forty consecutive NS, with normal coronary arteries and cardiac chambers both anatomically and functionally on the basis of CCT, were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Relative normalized myocardial attenuation density (rnMAD) and transmural perfusion ratio (TPR) were calculated in diastole and systole for each segment and layer of the LV and then pooled into territories. Results: Statistical analysis showed that sub-endocardial rnMAD was significantly higher than intra-myocardial and sub-epicardial for all myocardial territories both in systolic and diastolic phases (P<0·001). Basal and mid-ventricular rnMAD were higher than apical for all myocardial layers (P<0·001). Septum displayed higher rnMAD in intra-myocardium and sub-epicardium (179 ± 61 and 170 ± 59 in diastole and 172 ± 60 and 166 ± 58 in systole, respectively) than the anterior, lateral and inferior wall (P<0·001). Diastolic and systolic TPR were significantly different for the anterior and lateral wall (P<0·001), while septal TPR (1·06 ± 0·06 in diastole and 1·05 ± 0·06 in systole, respectively) was the lowest as compared to other territories’ TPR. Finally, basal, mid-ventricular and apical TPR showed a significant linear trend with basal lower than mid-ventricular and apical values. Conclusion: Inter-territory and inter-layer myocardial perfusion differences can be accurately assessed with CCT in NS. This assessment is the basic step to further evaluate abnormal rest perfusion patterns in ischaemic and non-ischaemic diseases.
- cardiac computed tomography
- dual source computed tomography
- myocardial perfusion
- perfusion computed tomography
- transmural perfusion ratio
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)