Normative Data for the Hayling and Brixton Tests in an Italian Population

Grazia Fernanda Spitoni, Sara Bevacqua, Claudia Cerini, Paola Ciurli, Laura Piccardi, Paola Guariglia, Lina Pezzuti, Gabriella Antonucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The Hayling and Brixton tests constitute a short test battery that quickly assesses verbal and spatial inhibition and flexibility. This battery has shown high construct validity and strong reliability in clinical and experimental settings. The aim of this study was to develop an Italian version of the Hayling and Brixton tests and obtain normative values.

Method: We collected normative data from 301 healthy Italian participants aged between 16 and 94 years, taking into account all demographics. To maximize the sample size, we used the overlapping interval strategy. Adjusted scores for demographics were obtained by linear regression analysis.

Results: The performance on the Hayling and Brixton tests was influenced by age and education. In particular, age affected verbal accuracy and response time on the Hayling Sentence Completion Test, whereas education only affected the former. Differently, the spatial component, as measured by the Brixton Spatial Anticipation Test, was shaped only by age, which decreased the number of correct responses.

Conclusions: Our study provides normative data that have been adjusted for relevant demographics and percentile grids in an Italian population. Our data support the use of the Hayling and Brixton tests as a valid instrument for performing neuropsychological evaluations and longitudinal analyses of executive functions in clinical practice and for research purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Aug 22 2017

Fingerprint

Demography
Population
Education
Executive Function
Reproducibility of Results
Sample Size
Reaction Time
Linear Models
Healthy Volunteers
Regression Analysis
Research
Inhibition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Normative Data for the Hayling and Brixton Tests in an Italian Population. / Spitoni, Grazia Fernanda; Bevacqua, Sara; Cerini, Claudia; Ciurli, Paola; Piccardi, Laura; Guariglia, Paola; Pezzuti, Lina; Antonucci, Gabriella.

In: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 22.08.2017, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spitoni, Grazia Fernanda ; Bevacqua, Sara ; Cerini, Claudia ; Ciurli, Paola ; Piccardi, Laura ; Guariglia, Paola ; Pezzuti, Lina ; Antonucci, Gabriella. / Normative Data for the Hayling and Brixton Tests in an Italian Population. In: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. 2017 ; pp. 1-11.
@article{34bbe073b2924d97bd9d159791ddca12,
title = "Normative Data for the Hayling and Brixton Tests in an Italian Population",
abstract = "Objective: The Hayling and Brixton tests constitute a short test battery that quickly assesses verbal and spatial inhibition and flexibility. This battery has shown high construct validity and strong reliability in clinical and experimental settings. The aim of this study was to develop an Italian version of the Hayling and Brixton tests and obtain normative values.Method: We collected normative data from 301 healthy Italian participants aged between 16 and 94 years, taking into account all demographics. To maximize the sample size, we used the overlapping interval strategy. Adjusted scores for demographics were obtained by linear regression analysis.Results: The performance on the Hayling and Brixton tests was influenced by age and education. In particular, age affected verbal accuracy and response time on the Hayling Sentence Completion Test, whereas education only affected the former. Differently, the spatial component, as measured by the Brixton Spatial Anticipation Test, was shaped only by age, which decreased the number of correct responses.Conclusions: Our study provides normative data that have been adjusted for relevant demographics and percentile grids in an Italian population. Our data support the use of the Hayling and Brixton tests as a valid instrument for performing neuropsychological evaluations and longitudinal analyses of executive functions in clinical practice and for research purposes.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Spitoni, {Grazia Fernanda} and Sara Bevacqua and Claudia Cerini and Paola Ciurli and Laura Piccardi and Paola Guariglia and Lina Pezzuti and Gabriella Antonucci",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1093/arclin/acx072",
language = "English",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology",
issn = "0887-6177",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Normative Data for the Hayling and Brixton Tests in an Italian Population

AU - Spitoni, Grazia Fernanda

AU - Bevacqua, Sara

AU - Cerini, Claudia

AU - Ciurli, Paola

AU - Piccardi, Laura

AU - Guariglia, Paola

AU - Pezzuti, Lina

AU - Antonucci, Gabriella

PY - 2017/8/22

Y1 - 2017/8/22

N2 - Objective: The Hayling and Brixton tests constitute a short test battery that quickly assesses verbal and spatial inhibition and flexibility. This battery has shown high construct validity and strong reliability in clinical and experimental settings. The aim of this study was to develop an Italian version of the Hayling and Brixton tests and obtain normative values.Method: We collected normative data from 301 healthy Italian participants aged between 16 and 94 years, taking into account all demographics. To maximize the sample size, we used the overlapping interval strategy. Adjusted scores for demographics were obtained by linear regression analysis.Results: The performance on the Hayling and Brixton tests was influenced by age and education. In particular, age affected verbal accuracy and response time on the Hayling Sentence Completion Test, whereas education only affected the former. Differently, the spatial component, as measured by the Brixton Spatial Anticipation Test, was shaped only by age, which decreased the number of correct responses.Conclusions: Our study provides normative data that have been adjusted for relevant demographics and percentile grids in an Italian population. Our data support the use of the Hayling and Brixton tests as a valid instrument for performing neuropsychological evaluations and longitudinal analyses of executive functions in clinical practice and for research purposes.

AB - Objective: The Hayling and Brixton tests constitute a short test battery that quickly assesses verbal and spatial inhibition and flexibility. This battery has shown high construct validity and strong reliability in clinical and experimental settings. The aim of this study was to develop an Italian version of the Hayling and Brixton tests and obtain normative values.Method: We collected normative data from 301 healthy Italian participants aged between 16 and 94 years, taking into account all demographics. To maximize the sample size, we used the overlapping interval strategy. Adjusted scores for demographics were obtained by linear regression analysis.Results: The performance on the Hayling and Brixton tests was influenced by age and education. In particular, age affected verbal accuracy and response time on the Hayling Sentence Completion Test, whereas education only affected the former. Differently, the spatial component, as measured by the Brixton Spatial Anticipation Test, was shaped only by age, which decreased the number of correct responses.Conclusions: Our study provides normative data that have been adjusted for relevant demographics and percentile grids in an Italian population. Our data support the use of the Hayling and Brixton tests as a valid instrument for performing neuropsychological evaluations and longitudinal analyses of executive functions in clinical practice and for research purposes.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1093/arclin/acx072

DO - 10.1093/arclin/acx072

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

JF - Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

SN - 0887-6177

ER -