In the present study, we report the results from a large sample of participants (N = 136), selected based on their EEG quality, to obtain event-related potential (ERP) normative data. All participants were tested in Simple Response Task (SRT) and Discriminative Response Task (DRT). A subset of 36 participants was tested also in Passive Vision task. Both pre- and post-stimulus ERPs were analyzed and compared among different tasks. Spatiotemporal patterns of all the observed components were analyzed using source analysis. Beside the well-known ERP components, we also described recently identified prefrontal components: the pre-stimulus prefrontal negativity (pN) associated to proactive cognitive (mainly inhibitory) control within the inferior frontal gyrus (iFg); the post-stimulus prefrontal N1, P1 and P2 (pN1, pP1 and pP2) involved in perceptual and visual-motor awareness (pN1 and pP1), and in stimulus-response mapping and decision-making (pP2) localized within the insular cortex. The large sample of high-quality EEG datasets allowed to identify four additional components: the pre-stimulus visual negativity (vN) originating in extrastriate visual areas and interpreted as a visual readiness activity; the post-stimulus prefrontal N2 and N3 (pN2 and pN3) components interpreted as feedback reactivation of the anterior insular cortex; and the post-stimulus prefrontal P3 (pP3), interpreted as persisting inhibitory activity of the iFg for inhibited trials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cognitive Neuroscience