The North Star Ambulatory Assessment is a functional scale specifically designed for ambulant boys affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Recently the 6-minute walk test has also been used as an outcome measure in trials in DMD.The aim of our study was to assess a large cohort of ambulant boys affected by DMD using both North Star Assessment and 6-minute walk test. More specifically, we wished to establish the spectrum of findings for each measure and their correlation.This is a prospective multicentric study involving 10 centers. The cohort included 112 ambulant DMD boys of age ranging between 4.10 and 17. years (mean 8.18 ± 2.3 DS). Ninety-one of the 112 were on steroids: 37/91 on intermittent and 54/91 on daily regimen.The scores on the North Star assessment ranged from 6/34 to 34/34. The distance on the 6-minute walk test ranged from 127 to 560.6. m. The time to walk 10. m was between 3 and 15. s. The time to rise from the floor ranged from 1 to 27.5. s. Some patients were unable to rise from the floor.As expected the results changed with age and were overall better in children treated with daily steroids.The North Star assessment had a moderate to good correlation with 6-minute walk test and with timed rising from floor but less with 10. m timed walk/run test. The 6-minute walk test in contrast had better correlation with 10. m timed walk/run test than with timed rising from floor. These findings suggest that a combination of these outcome measures can be effectively used in ambulant DMD boys and will provide information on different aspects of motor function, that may not be captured using a single measure.
- 6-Minute walk test
- Duchenne muscular dystrophy
- North star ambulatory assessment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health