Notch 1 overexpression inhibits osteoblastogenesis by suppressing Wnt/β-catenin but not bone morphogenetic protein signaling

Valerie Deregowski, Elisabetta Gazzerro, Leah Priest, Sheila Rydziel, Ernesto Canalis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Notch proteins are transmembrane receptors that control cell-fate decisions. Upon ligand binding, Notch receptors undergo proteolytic cleavage leading to the release of their intracellular domain (NICD). Overexpression of NICD impairs osteoblastogenesis, but the mechanisms are not understood. We examined consequences of the constitutive activation of Notch 1 in ST-2 cells. Notch opposed the effects of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and Wnt 3a on alkaline phosphatase activity (APA). BMP-2 induced the phosphorylation of Smad 1/5/8 and the transactivation of a BMP/Smad-responsive construct (12xSBE-Oc-pGL3), but the effect was not modified by Notch. BMP-2 had minimal effects on the phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases ERK, p38, and JNK, in the absence or presence of NICD. Notch overexpression decreased the transactivating effect of Wnt 3a, cytoplasmic β-catenin levels, and Wnt-dependent gene expression. Transfection of a mutant β-catenin expression construct, or the use of a glycogen synthase kinase 3β inhibitor to stabilize β-catenin, partially blocked the inhibitory effect of NICD on Wnt signaling and on APA. HES-1 or Groucho1/TLE1 RNA interference enhanced basal and induced Wnt/β-catenin signaling opposing NICD effects, but only HES-1 silencing enhanced Wnt 3a effects on APA. In conclusion, NICD overexpression prevents BMP-2 and Wnt biological effects by suppressing Wnt but not BMP signaling. HES-1 appears to mediate effects of Notch on osteoblastogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6203-6210
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume281
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 10 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Notch 1 overexpression inhibits osteoblastogenesis by suppressing Wnt/β-catenin but not bone morphogenetic protein signaling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this