Aim: The aim of the present review is to summarize available evidence about the efficacy and side effects of novel antidepressants for the treatment of panic disorder. Methods: A literature search was undertaken using MEDLINE, ISI web of knowledge and references of retrieved articles. The search included articles published in English up to September 2009. Both controlled and uncontrolled trials were included. The quality of the reviewed articles was also assessed. Results: Fourteen mainly poor-quality studies were included. Mirtazapine showed some efficacy in reducing the number and the severity of panic symptoms in many uncontrolled studies and was comparable to selective serotonin reputake inhibitors (SSRIs) in direct-comparison studies. Reboxetine was significantly more efficacious than placebo but less effective than SSRIs. Further uncontrolled studies suggested preliminary evidence for the use of milnacipran and duloxetine as well. All drugs were usually well tolerated. Discussion: Current studies do not yet provide convincing evidence supporting the efficacy of mirtazapine, reboxetine, milnacipran and duloxetine for the treatment of panic disorder patients. However, on account of positive preliminary results, further research is warranted.
- Panic disorder
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Biological Psychiatry