Novel clinical approaches in monoclonal antibody-based management in colorectal cancer patients: Radioimmunoguided surgery and antigen augmentation

Mario Roselli, Oreste Buonomo, Antonina Piazza, Fiorella Guadagni, Aldo Vecchione, Ercole Brunetti, Cesidio Cipriani, Giuseppe Amadei, Carol Nieroda, John W. Greiner, Carlo U. Casciani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Surgery, the most effective treatment for colon and rectal cancer, is based on empirical knowledge of the patterns of tumor spread, gross findings at laparotomy, and histologic confirmation of tumor-free margins. In spite of the many technical improvements in surgery, there has not been a significant change in cure rates for colon and rectal cancers. In fact, one-half of affected patients will not survive 5 years. It is in this arena of treatment for primary colon and rectal cancer patients that radioimmunoguided surgery (RIGS) technology may provide the most benefit. RIGS is an intraoperative procedure for detection of carcinoma lesions that are targeted with a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody (MAb) to provide the surgeon with immediate intraoperative definition of tumor margins and identification of occult disease. To optimize this technique, our studies were designed to increase tumor uptake by higher affinity CC-49 (a second-generation MAb) and to increase tumor antigen expression using biological response modifiers (BRMs). The ability of BRMs, such as interferons (IFNs), to enhance the expression of tumor-associated antigens, may play an important role in an adjuvant setting for MAb-based treatment. Preclinical and clinical data provided evidence for the use of IFN as an adjuvant to enhance MAb-targeting of human carcinoma lesions. A combination protocol with IFN and RIGS is ongoing at our institution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-262
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Surgical Oncology
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1998

Keywords

  • Biological response modifiers
  • Colonic neoplasms
  • Colorectal neoplasms
  • Glycoproteins
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Interferons
  • Lymph nodes
  • Lymphatic metastasis
  • Monoclonal antibodies
  • Mucins
  • Neoplasm staging
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Radioimmuno-detection
  • Radioimmunoguided surgery
  • Radioisotopes
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Up-regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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