Novel intra-genic large deletions of CTNNB1 gene identified in WT desmoid-type fibromatosis

Chiara Colombo, Milena Urbini, Annalisa Astolfi, Paola Collini, Valentina Indio, Antonino Belfiore, Nicholas Paielli, Federica Perrone, Giuseppe Tarantino, Elena Palassini, Marco Fiore, Andrea Pession, Silvia Stacchiotti, Maria Abbondanza Pantaleo, Alessandro Gronchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A wait and see approach for desmoid tumors (DT) has become part of the routine treatment strategy. However, predictive factors to select the risk of progressive disease are still lacking. A translational project was run in order to identify genomic signatures in patients enrolled within an Italian prospective observational study. Among 12 DT patients (10 CTNNB1-mutated and 2 wild type) enrolled from our institution only two patients (17%) showed a progressive disease. Tumor biopsies were collected for whole exome sequencing. Overall, DT exhibited low somatic sequence mutation rate and no additional recurrent mutation was found. In the two wild type (WT) cases, two novel alterations were detected: a complex deletion of APC and a pathogenic mutation of LAMTOR2. Focusing on WT DT subtype, deep sequencing of CTNNB1, APC and LAMTOR2 was conducted on a retrospective series of 11 WT DT using a targeted approach. No other mutation of LAMTOR2 was detected, while APC was mutated in two cases. Low-frequency (mean reads of 16%) CTNNB1 mutations were discovered in five samples (45%) and two novel intra-genic deletions in CTNNB1 were detected in two cases. Both deletions and low frequency mutations of CTNNB1 were highly expressed. In conclusion, a minority of DT is WT for either CTNNB1, APC or any other gene involved in the WNT pathway. In this subgroup novel and hard to be detected molecular alterations in APC and CTNNB1 were discovered, contributing to explain a portion of the allegedly WT DT cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-503
Number of pages9
JournalGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume57
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Abdominal Neoplasms/genetics
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics
  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli/genetics
  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Protein/genetics
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Fibromatosis, Aggressive/genetics
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genomics
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation
  • beta Catenin/genetics

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