Novel JAG1 deletion variant in patient with atypical alagille syndrome

Emanuele Micaglio, Andreea Alina Andronache, Paola Carrera, Michelle M. Monasky, Emanuela T. Locati, Barbara Pirola, Silvia Presi, Mario Carminati, Maurizio Ferrari, Alessandro Giamberti, Carlo Pappone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Alagille syndrome (AGS) is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by various degrees of abnormalities in the liver, heart, eyes, vertebrae, kidneys, face, vasculature, skeleton, and pancreas. This case report describes a newborn child exhibiting a congenital neural tube defect and peculiar craniofacial appearance characterized by a prominent forehead, deep-set eyes, bulbous nasal tip, and subtle upper lip. Just a few hours after birth, congenital heart disease was suspected for cyanosis and confirmed by heart evaluation. In particular, echocardiography indicated pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect with severe hypoplasia of the pulmonary branches (1.5 mm), large patent ductus arteriosus and several major aortopulmonary collateral arteries. Due to the association of peculiar craniofacial appearance and congenital heart disease, a form of Alagille syndrome was suspected. In addition, on the fifth day after birth, the patient developed jaundice, had acholic stools, and high levels of conjugated bilirubin and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) were detected in the blood. Genetic testing revealed the novel variant c.802del in a single copy of the JAG1 gene. No variants in the NOTCH2 gene were detected. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first clinical description of a congenital neural tube defect in a molecularly confirmed Alagille patient. This work demonstrates a novel pathogenic heterozygous JAG1 mutation is associated with an atypical form of Alagille syndrome, suggesting an increased risk for neural tube defects compared to other Alagille patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6247
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume20
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 2019

Keywords

  • Alagille syndrome
  • Bilirubin
  • Cardiac
  • Cholestasis
  • Cyanosis
  • Genetic testing
  • Heart
  • Hypoplasia
  • JAG1
  • Jaundice
  • Liver
  • Mutation
  • Neural tube defect
  • Pulmonary branches
  • Variant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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