Novel lumen-apposing metal stent for the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections: An Italian multicentre experience

Maria Chiara Petrone, Livia Archibugi, Edoardo Forti, Rita Conigliaro, Roberto Di Mitri, Ilaria Tarantino, Carlo Fabbri, Alberto Larghi, Sabrina Gloria Giulia Testoni, Massimiliano Mutignani, Paolo Giorgio Arcidiacono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage is the procedure of choice for pancreatic fluid collection (PFC) management. Recently developed lumen-apposing fully covered self-expandable metal stents (LAMSs) may facilitate drainage, especially of necrotic and complex PFCs. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a newly developed LAMS (Nagi, Taiwong Medical Co. Ltd, South Korea) in the drainage of PFCs. Methods: Retrospective analysis of LAMS drainage of PFCs from seven centres. Patient demographic, EUS and radiological findings, PFCs aetiology, procedural technical and clinical success, and adverse events were evaluated. Results: Sixty-seven patients with mean age 58.8 ± 14 years (68.7% males) were included in the analysis. Of these, 44 patients had pseudocyst (PP) and 23 patients had walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN). Technical success was achieved in 98.5% of cases and clinical success in 94%. The adverse event rate was 24.2%, higher and mostly due to stent migration and occlusion in the WOPN group as compared to the PP group, despite the time to stent removal being significantly lower in the WOPN group. Conclusions: PFC drainage using the Nagi stent is highly feasible and effective, with a relatively safe profile. Future studies enrolling more patients with complex PFCs are needed to clearly establish the role of this stent in PFC management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1363-1371
Number of pages9
JournalUnited European Gastroenterology Journal
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • EUS-guided drainage
  • Pancreatic fluid collection
  • pancreatitis
  • pseudocyst
  • walled-off necrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology

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