BACKGROUND: Isolated cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency is usually associated with mutations in several factors involved in the biogenesis of COX. METHODS: We describe a patient with atypical, long surviving Leigh syndrome carrying two novel mutations in the COX15 gene, which encodes an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of heme A. RESULTS: Only two COX15 mutated patients, one with severe neonatal cardiomyopathy, the other with rapidly fatal Leigh syndrome, have been described to date. In contrast, our patient had a slowly progressive course with no heart involvement. COX deficiency was mild in muscle and a normal amount of fully assembled COX was present in cultured fibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical and biochemical phenotypes in COX15 defects are more heterogeneous than in other conditions associated with COX deficiency, such as mutations in SURF1.
|Journal||Journal of Medical Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - May 2005|
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