Novel therapies of lupus nephritis

Arrigo Schieppati, Giuseppe Remuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the results of the current therapy of lupus nephritis, highlighting successes and pitfalls, and summarizing the evidence available on the new agents RECENT FINDINGS: The established treatment of lupus nephritis with aggressive immunosuppression, based on cyclophosphamide and steroids, has improved the outcome of lupus nephritis, but is burdened with significant adverse effects. The search for alternative, less toxic, therapeutic strategies has prompted a number of clinical studies, mycophenolate mofetil being the agent most studied. Results of trials showed that this drug is equally effective with fewer toxic complications than standard therapy, but its long-term efficacy is not yet known. During the last few years experimental studies in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis have provided an enormous improvement in our knowledge and have offered the possibility to attempt targeting the disease with a more selective approach. The evidence for the role of these new therapies is reviewed. SUMMARY: While the current alternative to standard therapy, i.e. mycophenolate mofetil, still needs to be confirmed with well designed, properly powered studies, new therapeutic agents, targeted to the pathogenetic mechanism of the disease, are promising improved efficacy with less toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-161
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • Lupus nephritis
  • Mycophenolate mofetil
  • Rituximab
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Internal Medicine

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