Novel unconventional variants expand the allelic spectrum of OPHN1 gene

Sara Nuovo, Vesna Brankovic, Caterina Caputi, Antonella Casella, Vincenzo Nigro, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Enza Maria Valente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mutations in the OPHN1 gene cause a rare X-linked recessive neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, variably associated with cerebellar hypoplasia and distinctive facial appearance. In most of cases so far reported, the identified genomic variants involve the region encoding the central RhoGAP domain of the oligophrenin-1 protein, and are predicted to result in a complete loss of function. By using a NGS-based diagnostic approach, we identified three male and a female patients from two unrelated families carrying novel non-disruptive OPHN1 variants (the in-frame c.116_127 deletion and the missense c.2129C>T change, respectively), affecting either the BAR domain or the C-terminus proline-rich domain of the protein. Clinical and neuroimaging findings in the patients recapitulated the main features of OPHN1-related syndrome, including developmental delay, intellectual disability, behavioral disorder, dysmorphic features, seizures, cerebellar hypoplasia, and ventriculomegaly. Yet, we observed a wide variability even among affected siblings, confirming the lack of clear genotype-phenotype correlation. Our results expand the allelic spectrum of OPHN1 and illustrate the challenges for clinical interpretation of non-disruptive variants affecting X-linked genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1575-1581
Number of pages7
JournalAm. J. Med. Genet. Part A
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


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