NOX4 regulates autophagy during energy deprivation

Sebastiano Sciarretta, Massimo Volpe, Junichi Sadoshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


NADPH oxidase is a cellular enzyme devoted to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). NOX4 and NOX2 are the main isoforms of NADPH oxidase in the cardiovascular system. In our recent study, we demonstrated that NOX4, but not NOX2, is a critical mediator of the cardiomyocyte adaptive response to energy stress. NOX4 activity and protein levels are increased in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) but not in mitochondria of cardiomyocytes during the early phase of energy deprivation. NOX4-derived production of ROS in the ER is a critical event that activates autophagy through stimulation of the EIF2AK3/PERK-EIF2S1/ eIF-2α-ATF4 pathway. NOX4-dependent autophagy is an important mechanism to preserve cellular energy and limit cell death in energy-deprived cardiomyocytes. Aside from elucidating a crucial physiological function of NOX4 during cellular energy stress, our study dissects a novel signaling mechanism that regulates autophagy under this condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-701
Number of pages3
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Autophagy
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Glucose deprivation
  • Nox4
  • Oxidative stress
  • PERK

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Medicine(all)


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