N6-Isopentenyladenosine Enhances the Radiosensitivity of Glioblastoma Cells by Inhibiting the Homologous Recombination Repair Protein RAD51 Expression

Giovanna Navarra, Cristina Pagano, Roberto Pacelli, Elvira Crescenzi, Elena Longobardi, Patrizia Gazzerro, Donatella Fiore, Olga Pastorino, Francesca Pentimalli, Chiara Laezza, Maurizio Bifulco

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Abstract

Glioblastoma is among the most common malignant brain tumors and has a dismal prognosis due to the poor response to therapeutic regimens such as ionizing radiation and DNA-alkylating agents. In our study, we investigated the radiosensitizing activity of the N6-isopentenyladenosine (iPA), an naturally modified adenosine harboring an isopenenyl moiety, which shows antiproliferative effects on glioblastoma cell lines. We observed that co-treatment with ionizing radiation and iPA at micromolar concentration inhibited colony formation and viability of glioblastoma cell lines but not of non-malignant human cells. The combined treatment significantly attenuated the repair of radiation-induced DNA damage by inhibiting both the expression and irradiation-induced foci formation of RAD51, a key player in the homologous recombination repair process, leading to persistent DNA damage, as reflected by an increase of γ-H2AX foci. The radiosensitizing effect relied also on the inhibition of STAT5a/b activation, which is crucial for RAD51 expression, suggesting that iPA modulates the STAT5a/b-RAD51 axis following exposure to ionizing radiation. Overall, these data suggest that iPA, by acting through RAD51 inhibition at the mechanistic level, could function as a promising radiosensitizing agent and warrants further evaluation in prospective clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1498
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 14 2020

Keywords

  • apoptosis
  • glioblastoma cells
  • iPA
  • RAD51
  • STAT5a/b

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Navarra, G., Pagano, C., Pacelli, R., Crescenzi, E., Longobardi, E., Gazzerro, P., Fiore, D., Pastorino, O., Pentimalli, F., Laezza, C., & Bifulco, M. (2020). N6-Isopentenyladenosine Enhances the Radiosensitivity of Glioblastoma Cells by Inhibiting the Homologous Recombination Repair Protein RAD51 Expression. Frontiers in Oncology, 9, [1498]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2019.01498