NT-proAtrial Natriuretic Peptide as a possible biomarker of cardiopulmonary involvement in sarcoidosis

Damiano Magrì, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Agnese Ricotta, Lara Pisani, Filippo Maria Cauti, Alessandro Onofri, Pierdonato Bruno, Alberto Ricci, Massimo Volpe, Simona Marchitti, Salvatore Mariotta, Speranza Rubattu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Lung diffusion for carbon monoxide (DLCO) has been shown to associate with the risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension development and, most likely, with right ventricular (RV) myocardial dysfunction in sarcoidosis patients. Besides its known role as a marker of left ventricular dysfunction, experimental evidence suggests a role of NT-proAtrial Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proANP) also in modulating pulmonary circulation. We therefore investigated possible relationships between NT-proANP, lung diffusion impairment and RV dysfunction. Methods: Thirty-two pulmonary sarcoidosis outpatients and eighteen volunteers underwent full clinical assessment, including full lung function tests and Doppler echocardiography integrated with tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) study. Resting circulating NT-proBNP and NT-proANP plasma levels were also determined. Results: NT-proANP and RV-myocardial performance index (RV-MPI) were significantly higher in those patients with the greatest DL CO impairment, whereas no differences were found for NT-proBNP values. At multivariable analysis, only DLCO (β: - 0.496; standard error: 3.38; p = 0.000) and RV-MPI (β: 0.373; standard error: 6.56; p = 0.031) remained significantly associated with NT-proANP levels. Conclusions: Our finding may support a key role of NT-proANP in the complex mechanisms underlying modulation of lung function. An early increase in pulmonary vascular resistance may stimulate NT-proANP increase, thus explaining its association with signs of early RV myocardial dysfunction. This hypothesis warrants further confirmation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-284
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Atrial natriuretic peptide
  • Lung diffusion capacity
  • Myocardial dysfunction
  • Pulmonary sarcoidosis
  • Tissue Doppler imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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